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Lecture 5


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DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY II a. developmental psychology II: The Big Picture  how we change over our lives  physical development o focuso on big changes early and late  cognitive development o piagets theory o recent evidence extending and qualifyfing this theory  social development o attachement theory o eriksons theory o gender development b. physical development  in babies there are different stages , rolling over, walking, stepping, falling over  in old age, vision, smell and hearing decreases from a high percentile to a lower percentile, o a decrease in the senses c. an introduction to piagets theory  1  early pscholosit who started his work in the early 1900s was still active in the 50s  rather than doing exp. Piaget developed his theory by actually playing with children  based on what they did, he would design theories about how they develop  proposed that there were stages of decelopment, which is one of the controversial aspects of his theory  is development in staes, or just being continuous?  Piaget favoured stages  Schema o A way to thibk about the world, to understand the world o Piaget argues that in each other the stages, there isone type of way of thinking about the world that is the dominate schema; the way to think aout the world at that point in time o 1. Assimilation  happenes within a stage, which means that you add more infor to your schma  you assimilate information to your schema the way you think about the world o 2. Accommodation  the schema is changed when new info comes in , you change the way you think about the world  2  first years, are sensory motor stage  object is only there if available with the sesnse  but after 8 months, the children think that the object disappeared. o Out of sigh out of mind  3  Way of studying with kids was a short fall  Does object permanence really emerge at 8 months of age? o No much earlier in life  Dr. andrea aguiar o Demonstrates that children do understand object permancnene earlier than 8 months and that it happens in two week intervals o 90% of the babies in the research project showed this response o at 2.5 months there seems to ba a simple rule if it is behind something you wont see it o 2.5 months to 3 months they learn about seeing things in gaps o 3.0 to 3.5 months they learn about heights o object permanance can be traced back to 2.5 months  egocentrism and research on theory of mind o the notion that you can understand what someone else is thinking o remember that paiget believed that egocentrism went on unti children reache dboaut 7 o theory of minds makes a parallel point to the research on object permanence o gradyally children begin to gain more and more of a theory of mind with age o there are different aspects that they understand about what the other person is thinking o as adults we may understand that we all think differently but we don’t have a complete grasp of what the other person is actually thinking o ball and cupboards  children would say that sally would look in the other box  they think the other peson knows that they know  begin to see children solving this puzzle much earlier than seven o development is more conintours and happens earlier than piaget proposed  chiren begin to elan the tasks that piaget set out musch earlier than he recognized  methodology was great for figuring out what children do, but not fine grainded enough to explain when they begin the various phases nor that it is a gradual process  dr andrea aguiards reaseach is a great examply of the modern trend in developmental psychology noting some important extensions and qualification of piagest theory d. social development  1-attachement theory o social bonds and relationships between people o harlows monkey studies  separate baby monkeys from their mothers and raised with two different tupes of mothers ( 1 was hard wire mesh, 2 was a soft terry cloth monkey(  which surrogate mother is liked?  Monkey chooses terry cloth mother for food  Harlow believed that these studies demonstrated the importance of c
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