Class Notes (837,490)
Canada (510,274)
Psychology (2,075)
PSYCH 207 (90)
Lecture

Module 01 Lecture Notes.pdf

2 Pages
70 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 207
Professor
Spencer Stephen
Semester
Winter

Description
MODULE 01 Lecture Notes  HISTORY, METHODS, and PARADIGMS  An overview of the field of cognitive psychology will provide a useful framework within which to consider  specific topics, experiments, and findings.  MAJOR INFLUENCES  ‐ Empiricism  o knowledge comes from experience and learning, and is malleable  o blank slate—Hume, Locke, Mill  ‐ Nativism  o biological/genetic factors (hard‐wired and difficult to modify with experience)  determine cognitive abilities—Descartes, Kant  PRECURSORS TO COG PSYCH  ‐ Structuralism  o Focus on the principles that explain conscious experience and elemental components or  building blocks of the human mind—looking for the simplest possible mental elements  and the laws governing how they can be combined  o Uses introspection (in which trained observers are asked to reflect on, and report on,  their conscious experience while performing cognitive tasks)  ‐ Functionalism  o Focus on function of the mind and how mental functions allow individuals to adapt to  the environment—why does a particular cognitive process work a particular way  ‐ Behaviourism  o The scientific study of behaviour—focus on what is observable  ‐ Gestalt Psychology  o Holistic approach—the whole is not merely the sum of its parts  o Concentrates on problems of perception and problem solving  ‐ Individual Differences  o Stable patterns of performance that differ qualitatively and/or quantitatively across  individuals o Proposes inheritable cognitive abilities—looks at family trees and cognitive tests  HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING    ‐ An applied area of research that focuses on the design of equipment and technology that is well  suited to pe
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 207

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit