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Lecture 10

PSYCH 211: Lecture 10 Notes

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Mathieu Le Corre

2. -If you just ask preschoolers if a sea otter grows, they will say “yes” (even if they’re not familiar with that animal) -if you ask them if teddy bears or kettles grow, they will say “no” -they know animates and inanimates have different internal parts (due to the fact that inanimates are not self-propelled, unlike animate things) -from preschoolers, children already distinguish between animates and inanimates -it organizes the way they learn about things in the world (structures later learning) 3. Physical properties of animals are inherited from their parents -when asked about a pink phone, they don’t talk about inheritance 4. Child’s mind is structured to know/think that inanimate things can’t heal (it’s hard for them to understand) -plants are hard for children to understand (whether they are animate or inanimate) b/c they don’t move on their own, but they grow 5. -early knowledge is there, but is very thin and can be false (more of an assumption that knowledge) -has a lot of power; organizes later learning -things that fall under animate and inanimate “bin” are hard to understand for babies -it’s really about having INNATE LEARNING MECHANISMS! (not innate knowledge necessarily) 6. -babies abilities to contribute goals to animate things are the roots of social reasoning -our relationships with other s are extremely important -we are really good at manipulating each other -we are really good at cooperating with each other -ex. Olympics, election (need a lot of people working in just the right way for it to work) -no other creature on this planet that can do these things -we are really good at learning from each other -so much of our things and beliefs of today are a product of the long human history -the conversions we have now are products of what generations before you have learned -psychological question: we want to know how things work 7. Naive psychology – ALL human beings carry in their heads a theory of what makes humans tick -we are trying to achieve something (goal directed actions) -humans have beliefs and our actions are a result of our beliefs -beliefs aren’t the same thing as reality (we might have diff. beliefs about the same situation) -the way people go about goals is a function of their beliefs 8. -using our ability to guess goals to come to a conclusion (and possible help someone) 9. -other animals (that seem similar to us) aren’t able to analyze situations the way humans can -ex. if a chimp watches another use a tool, they will not learn how to do the same -ex. if a human watches another use a tool,
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