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Lecture 18

PSYCH 211: Lecture 18 Notes

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Mathieu Le Corre

1. Taking a step back: what Piaget & Kohlberg have in common -Kohlberg says this transition applies to ALL moral judgement -Kids justification of judgement change enormously over time -adult moral reasoning is very different from that of a child -the way we decide if something is acceptable or not is a conscious process of arguing with ourselves if something is right or wrong -gut feeling that incest is wrong (not debating in our heads like “well, it might result in a mutant baby, but wait, she’s sterile, so it shouldn’t matter, etc.) -we make moral judgements through decisions that are not based on conscious, deliberate reasoning in our minds 2. -there’s something flawed with Piaget & Kohlberg’s approach -avoidance of guilt may be a reason why we act morally -suggestion 1: when there’s violence involved, we don’t like it -suggestion 2: you cannot do harm as a means to an end -the method used to save the 5 involves killing the football player (this DOES use harm as a means to an end) -people still don’t know the reason behind our gut feelings of moral reasoning -it takes hard work to figure out how our gut feelings work 5. Where do these moral intuitions come from? -one way to learn is if people just tell us (but this doesn’t work in novel situations such as the scenarios with saving 5 people or 1) -suggestion: if we’re in a situation of conflict, do the action that will result in the greatest good -this doesn’t always work (ex. with the saving 1 vs. 5) -is it culture, is it not? What’s 1 way to figure out whether we learned this or not? -give similar scenarios to 3 and 4 year olds 6. The trolley & footbridge problems in 3 and 4 year olds 8. 3-year-olds make the same judgements as adults -all would rather flip the switch instead of physically push the football player in front of the boulder -across cultures and socioeconomic status we see the same patterns of judgement -maybe we’re innately wired to dislike hurting people, maybe we’re against killing as a means to an end; researchers are still trying to figure it out 9. Taking a step back: what Piaget & Kohlberg have in common -adults and kids are really different (according to P and K) -not so i
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