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PSYCH 211 (210)

CHAPTER 12 Psych 211

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University of Waterloo
Chris Burris

CHAPTER 12- MORAL DEVELOPMENT ( the goodness or badness of an act)  Piaget – A stage theory Morality constraint – 1. Whatever is right or wrong is just an objective view of the world; 2. the source of morality or people who are always right are authority figures; 3. What determines something that is right or wrong is the outcome not the intention – breaking rules= wrong regardless of intentions and motive Moral Reasoning: - Who is worse? - A person who Broke 5 cups by accident vs. a person who broke 1 cup on purpose - Children will say that the person who broke 5 cups were worse - Transitional Autonomous Morality – 1. Rules viewed as products of social agreement (e.g.: if many people agreed that murder is good, it will be legal); 2. Rules can change if people agree to change them; 3. Punishments may or may not be fair (intentions matter) o Critiques  Underestimated children’s appreciation of motive  Children don’t always agree with authority  Kohlberg (FOCUS ON TEST!) o A different stage theory o Presented children with moral dilemmas o He did not care whether we say yes or no (right or wrong) to a certain dilemma (i.e. Heinz dilemma); he only wants to know how he justifies it – from that, he will recognize what’s right or wrong o Scoring of justifications:  3 levels of moral reasoning; each levels with 2 stages  Total of 6 stages o 3 levels of moral reasoning  Pre-conventional – you don’t care about the conventions, you just care about what yourself; “heinz is not bad because he only think about himself, not other people”  Punishment and Obedience – fear of punishments not interests of others (e.g.: if he steals the drug, he will get punished)  Instrumental and Exchange- self- interest and equal exchanges between people (e.g.: Heinz should do it because maybe he could pay it back later)  Conventional – what’s right or wrong (morality) depends on our conventions; serial killers are bad because we all have an agreement that they are bad  Relationships – i.e. interpersonal expectations and conformity; (e.g.: his wife and friends would expect him to steal for her) BUT.. What if he doesn’t have friends? Heinz’s wife
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