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Lecture 14

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Mattieu Lecorre

Lecture 13 Word learning: you need concepts in your head to do it! - Word learning involves generating hypotheses and trying to confirm or disconfirm them - HYPOTHESES ARE MADE OF CONCEPTS o To be able to think: “Maybe “gobi” means green square” must have the concepts of green and square - Therefore, children need to have concepts before they can start learning words o If kids lean words easily, probably because already had the concept for it - Some hypothesis are too general or too specific which are not as popular - People do not like negatives in their hypothesis - The input for learning is ambigious o “learning experience” is logically consistent with many, many hypotheses  In out (very artificial) learning task, the learning experience The ambiguity of the evidence for word meanings - Mom points to object and says “Look, a puppet!” - We have already seen that this is ambiguous o “puppet” could mean “tongue” or “person with strange furry thing on their shoulders”, etc… - But ambiguity gets worse o Parents have conversations with their kids! They don’t just label stuff for them Joint Attention - Parents label objects when children are looking at them - But children can’t assume that all label they hear while looking at objects are labels for that object - One trick: very early on, children assume that a word is a label for an object they are looking at ONLY if their parent is looking at it too o This is what is called “joint attention” Taking Speak
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