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Lecture 6

PSYCH 211 - Early Theories of Cognitive Development (Lecture 6 & 7)

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University of Waterloo
Mathieu Le Corre

Lecture 6RDJAN232013Readings for Midterm 1Follow the syllabus except Chapter 4oSection 41oSection 42 up to but not including Coreknowledge theories dont need to read the coreknowledge theories sectiontested on midterm 2PIAGETPiagets LegacyPhilosophers had been debating what makes human knowledge possiblePiaget was the first who thought of looking to babies and children to understand how humans create knowledgeSince then hundreds have followed in his footstepsNext 2 lecturesoPiagets observations and his theory of cognitive developmentoFrom very abstract and theoretical to concrete examples to plugging concrete examples back into abstractionsAdultsAbstract Logical ThoughtWhat are the differences between behaviour of humans and physical objects eg thermostats carsoHumans control their behavioursoHumans have consciousness and autonomyoHumans are aware of consequences of our behaviouroOur behaviour is not physically determined by things around usoWhat we do is rational and makes sense relative to our goalsoWe have representations of objects symbolize the external worldoOur behaviour is a product of our goals and the way we represent situations to ourselves model of the worldwhich we can manipulate the way we likeoActions are based on our model of the worldoFundamental distinction between humans and physical objectsanimalsObjects behaviour is entirely determined by external forces acting on itHumans behaviour is not entirely determined by external forces that act on us because we have symbols ability to carry little models of the world in our head and act based on the modelWe distinguish appearances from reality Appearance vs RealityoTake large playdough ball Squash it into a pancake Despite change in appearance we know that amount of playdough is conserved even if one looks like there is more than the otheroPart of our mind that can tell us if appearances are real or notoEX IllusionsLogicSymbolsoOur actions and thoughts are not determined by physical effects of objects on our sensesScientific HypothesesCan consider multiple hypotheses as potential explanations of the same phenomenon eg rotation of sun in the skyCan consider alternate worldsoIf there were no Sun near the Earth there would be no life on EarthThings dont need to exist and you can think about itEX Fiction bookstalk about things that are not around but in a way they make sense If then
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