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Lecture 2

Week 2- Lecture 2 Values in Law docx

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Chris Burris

Week 2: Lecture 2 Wednesday, September 18, 2013 3:57 PM Values and Law  Some of the basic beliefs humans have are based on our values  Values and core motives (Schwartz 1992 value theory) o WHAT ARE VALUES  Transituational goals that vary in importance and serve as guiding principles  Will guide our actions because they are important to us Developd using a bottom up process   When you use goals, you have to think motivation  e.g. The only time you understand something is important is when you dont have it for a period of time-> drives your behaviour o Schwartz asked the question, 'what do you value'  Asked different cultures and subcultures from 60+ groups  Come up with a list of shared values ( approx. 55)  Then gave out those 55 values and got people to range three values  You can see what values group together/ if someone puts two values at an 8, why did they do that?  **** Look at readings for chart  Four sections: o Conservation: humble, moderate, not demanding much  Conformity: keeping yourself under control-> group is important  Security: not just national but family (sense of security)  Tradition: humble, moderate o Self enhancing  Power: value that you are recognized, including wealth  Achievement  Hedonism: wanting a pleasurable life o Open to Change  Stimulating: exciting life  Self-direction: freedom, can make my own choices o Self-Transcendent  Benevolence: in a group focus  Universalism: adopt all benevolence; caring for others  Values in the Law o Canada uses a 'common law' system- the courts interpret statutes according to the precedent Use the adversarial approach: truth seeking, tried to remove the interpersonal  problems  Advocating for justice, not for the victim; wanting them to follow social rules  Precedent is something that was established 100s of years ago; we dont want to change things cause it will be problematic  Not fair or just, cant change it on a whim (value consistency)  However, it could be said that it is driven on conservation
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