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Lecture 4

PSYCH 230: Week 4 Lecture 2.docx

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Chris Burris

Week 4: Lecture 2 Wednesday, October 2, 2013 11:03 AM Brief History of Profiling  Hunters/trackers o You have to keep record of evidence  Criminalistic o 1200s:  The whole idea whether physical evidence can be useful to solve crimes  Around when finger prints were discovered (Chinese discovery)  "lay" psychology o We form impressions of people; based on subtle clues  What they wear, put on their "wall" o Making the assumption that what they surround themselves with, is what they are interested in (tells you about that person)  Criminal typing o Lombroso  High brow: more intellectual  Low brow: more criminal  Psychoanalysis o The Mad Bomber case  Left bombs in difference places with notes; people noticed he made his "w" a certain way  FBI o Try to make the case that they discovered profiling o They were one of the first groups that tried to collect data; looked at 40 different offenders to see if there was anything in common  Empiricists o "you need to collect more data; you cant just rely on random "facts"" Core Assumptions of Profiling 1. Criminal behaviour is subject to the same set of "grand law" of human behaviour to which noncriminal behaviour is subject a. Crimes are not different species; are human... Kinda obvious... b. When you are the victim, you might not have this thinking however.... Your thinking may not be rational c. The hardest part is figuring out why they are thinking that way; there are rewards... Maybe not the rewards we think is rewarding B=f (P, E), where E= (V+C) o Behaviour is a behaviour of the person and the environment o B= offender behaviour o P= offender characteristics o E= Environment  V= victim  C= context THE TASK OF PROFILING?? Solve for P!!! o Its not just situational 2. Profiling is a psychological (attributional) task. a. Attribution: has to do with how we explain events ( "why did that happen") b. A profiler is trying to ask a specific version of the question c. "what is it about them that contributed to that process What: When: Where----------> HOW----------> WHY---------------------> " WHO" -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Physical event Evidence-----------------> reconstruction-----------------> profile -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- behaviour> ... Trying to get inside their head intentions> characteristics ***IN an id
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