Monday, September 16, 2013
Psych 230 – Lecture Two
Psychology and Law Research Methods
True or False
- Is a discredited eyewitness worst to the prosecutor’s case if there was no
eyewitness at all? TRUE?
- Eyewitnesses who can remember trivial details of a crime are more likely to
correctly identify the guilty person? FALSE?
- Eyewitnesses who are more certain of what they saw also tend to be more
- Attractive defendants are more likely to be found guilty than those
- Jurors are more sympathetic to defendants who share their religious beliefs?
- A judge’s order to ignore inadmissible evidence can actually add to the
testimony’s impact? FALSE?
- A more severe potential punishment makes jurors less like to convict? TRUE?
- A minority that favors acquittal stands a better chance of convincing the
majority than a minority that favors conviction? TRUE?
- When a judge disagrees with the jury’s decision, it’s usually because the jury
acquits someone that the judge would have convicted? TRUE?
Guiding Ethical Principles
- Respect for human dignity (acceptable: inducing stress)
- Respect for free and informed consent (acceptable: staging crimes like theft)
- Respect for vulnerable persons (children and those autistic)
- Respect for privacy and confidentiality
- Respect for justice and inclusiveness
- Balancing harms and benefits (likely to learn not that impactful?)
Theory of Science
- We assume that the world is an “orderly” place where we can determine
cause and effect relationships
- The goal is to understand something so that we can predict and/or control it
- This requires testing hypotheses with studies that ideally eliminate