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Psych 232 - lec 2

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Chris Burris

Psych 232- Lecture 2 January 16, 2011 1. What comes to mind when you think of evil?  Physical Victimization – murder, rape - HARM  Psychological Victimization – betrayal, coercion, abuse of power - HARM  Emotion related words – crying, fear, no hope – CONSTRUAL (how to make sense of something)  Description/Evaluation – evil is bad, necessary, human nature – CONSTRUAL  Religious Symbols – devil, 666 - CONSTRUAL  Secular Symbols – money, black – CONSTRUAL 2. Dimensions of Evil  Evil is in the eye of the beholder a. Evil is Subjective – not everybody agree. Sometimes people forcefully disagree to evil. b. Evil is interpretive – evil is something that is not inherent in a perceived objects. It’s something which results from the interaction of things. E.g.: someone is possessed by an evil spirit, unless a students is manifested by exorcism, he can’t be called possessed - Not inherent to the person, but a result of interpretation c. “Evil” is a LABEL – labels help us to categorize the world; labeling process is the interface between us and the rest of the world 3. Characteristics of the Evil label a. Descriptive - conveys information about an object b. Category-defining - once the label of evil is identified, it tends to unidimensionalize - e.g.: serial killers don’t eat, they live their whole life doing evil plans - Study by Tajlel – Ps were asked to judge how long the lines were. They were fairly accurate. It shortens the ‘A down and lengthen the B” c. Evaluative - evils is not neutral either, it has an evaluative - Yet for the most part people consider evil as the bad part d. Explanatory - some labels implies origins and causes - E.g.: to say that somebody is ill is different from saying that someone is malnourish because both implies different causes 4. When and how do people use other labels? - How do people decide when do label fits?  Prototype and feature matching: - A prototype is an abstraction, like this brand average across this collective object - The outcome of the average p
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