Class Notes (834,991)
Canada (508,850)
Psychology (2,075)
PSYCH 253 (142)

The Science of Social Psychology

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Hilary B Bergsieker

The Science of Social Psychology - Paradox of choice – how much choice is enough? How can we tell? - Changing behaviour – which sign will be successful? How can we tell? - Research methods – procedures a researcher uses to gather information - Armchair philosopher vs. research cycle: question of how things relate, research, selection of how things relate, formulating hypotheses, selecting research method, collecting data, analyzing data, reporting the results, selecting a research topic based upon a theory - Developing a question: broad types – descriptive, casual connections - Gottman’s Research o Step 1: identify behaviour that differentiates happy vs. unhappy spouses o Step 2: does that behaviour predict the fate of marriage, and if so, why? - Challenge of Obviousness o Hindsight bias: tendency to be overconfident during predictable situations “I knew it all along” - Few choices make people feel less overwhelmed with too much choice - Other people doing something makes others feel the necessity to do the same to be a part of the same norm “Join your fellow guests in helping the environ” - Challenge of Biased Filtering o Confirmation bias: tendency, when evaluating a hypothesis, to focus on examples in which it is true o Why is it problematic? Insufficient information o Why do we do it? Wanting it to be true o Not looking at the bigger picture, too focused on a specific area/point - Participants: Sampling o Convenience Sample  Participants who are readily and conveniently available  Generalizability issue (external validity) o Representative Sample  Participants resemble the population relevant to research  Difficult and expensive - Non-random sampling o Self-selection – volunteers (helpful, extraverted people) o “Hand-picked” participants – researcher biases - Participants not blind to condition o Demand characteristics – what the researcher wants participant to do - Participants: Ethics o Informed consent, privacy/confidentiality, freedom to withdraw o Respect for dignity of persons, minimizing harm, use of deception - Research Designs o Observation Methods  Observing people in their natural environment  Scientific observation – serves a formulated research purpose, planned deli
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 253

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.