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Self- Deception- January 23 2013.docx

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Hilary B Bergsieker

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PSYCH253- January 23 2013 Self Deception What is Self-Deception? - Basically a distortion of information to maintain a positive self-view (protect self from threat) - Occurs when we draw self-serving conclusions that differ from conclusions an objective party would draw given the same information Self-Serving Biases - Self-serving Attribution o Success = claim o Failure = blame external factors - Distancing rom Others o BIRG: bask in reflected glory (we) o CORF: Cut off reflected failure (they) - Better than average o SELF> average on good traits o SELF< average on bad traits - Unrealistic optimism o Good events = likely for me o Bad events = unlikely for me - Estimating base rates o False uniqueness: Own good abilities/acts = rare o False consensus: Own bad abilities/outcomes = common Bias Blind Spot - Read about biases then rated own (vs. others) susceptibility to each bias - For every bias studied they said they themselves were less susceptibility compared to everyone else Motivated Reasoning - Constrained by reality - We selectively access memories that fit our desired belief - Can we generate sufficient support for desired belief? o If so we will reach desired conclusion vice versa - Our beliefs, though biased towards what we want to believe, are grounded in reality - Own memories o When extravert led to academic success, memories were more extraverted and vice versa o Hence what we want, we find evidence ourselves - Reality Constraints Evolution and Self- Deception - Ability to self deceive may offer a selective advantage by enhancing ability to deceive others The Temporal Self - Looking back at yourself and what you are now - When we look back to ourselves, we contrast ourselves - Past vs. Present - Coherence or Criticism? - Coherent view of self? o Impressed with present self o Impressed with past self - Why and when do people criticize past selves? Temporal Self-Appraisal Theory - We are motivated to think positively of ourselves - Evaluate past selves to make current
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