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Attribution and Person Perception - January 16th.docx

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Hilary B Bergsieker

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PSYCH253- January 16 2013th Attribution and Person Perception Person Perception - Anthropomorphism o Motivated Anthropomorphism  Induced a mood (Lonely, Control, Afraid)  Ascription of human vs. general traits to pets (given a list of attribution to describe pet and finding was that Ps that were lonely were more likely to select more human traits to their pets compared to controlled condition)  Ps were not affected by condition when choosing behavioral traits  People who are more lonely will see things in a more human way - Gestalt impressions o Asch  Factors shaping impression formation  Order in which word (info) offered  Context of other words (info)  Centrality of certain words (warm/cold)  Claimed we for a “Gestalt” of the person  Revision to centrality effect  If given single descriptive phrase it can make a huge difference - Thin-Slice Accuracy o May think that you cannot recognize certain traits but we can based on our perception o I.e. Gaydar, Modar Attribution theories - Normative theories - What would make sense for what humans should do - Understanding Why (and Who) of why someone does something = who that person is - Internal/external distinction o Functions of Attribution  Help predict and control environment  Help determine thoughts, feelings and behaviors  Influence expectations for future  Impact on own performance o Internal/ Person Attributions  Personality, ability, attitude o External / Situational Attributions  Other people, luck, pressure - Correspondent inference theory o People often infer that behaviours correspond to [traits/dispositions of] the people enacting them o But will Cameron actually make this inference?  Non- common effects arise from a specific behavior and not from alternative behaviours  Expectations depend on whether behavior is typical (Ie. Taking 50 000 job or 10 000 job)  Common dispositions (eg. dislike of pain) are less informative than unique dispositions (eg. masochism) - Covariation Model (Kelly) o Multiple observational points o Process for making internal/external attributions o Cause and effect must “covary”  For something to be the cause of behavior it must be present when the behavior occurs and absent when it does not occur o Attribution based on 3 aspects of the event  Consensus  What do other people think or do (how does the target’s beh
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