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PSYCH 253 (142)


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Hilary B Bergsieker

PSYCH 253 THE METHOD: TOOLS FOR STUDYING SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY SEPT 11/16 Stanford Prison Experiment (1971) - Recruited 24 male adults people, screened participants to ensure they were healthy/normal - Randomly assigned to be guard or prisoner - Put into very realistic stimulation of a prison - Staged “arrests” of prisoners, strip searched, wore chains, performed on command, names were numbers, abusive procedures by guards - Uprising by prisoners: 1 staged a revolt - The power of the Situation: Abuse  Guards drawn to position of power, allowed aggressive techniques  Those in authority are responsible for setting the tone of the situation Naïve Realism - Tendency to believe “I see things as they really are” (your perception/beliefs are correct) - Rational others with same info will agree with me - Those who disagree are uninformed, biased, irrational  Example: “reactive devaluation” tendency to judge proposal based on who said it, not the content. Peace proposals developed by Israelis were judged better than the same proposal done by a Palestinian Motivation: What Do We Want? - Belong (most important): seek intimate relationships, acceptance in group - Understand: to feel like we’re correct - Control: have influence over your own life - Enhance: need to feel good about oneself - Trust: cooperation Central Themes in Social Psychology: Situationism, Subjectivism, and Motivation Hindsight Biasoverconfident about whether we could’ve predicted an outcome after we know it occurred “I knew it all along” Confirmation Bias  focus on examples in which it is true when evaluating a hypothesis (wanting it to be true) Participants: Sampling (subset of population) - Convenience sample (who are readily available, generalizability issue) - Representative sample (resemble the population relevant to research, each person has equal chance of being included, difficult/expensive) - Non-random sampling  Self-selection (people
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