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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 291
Professor
Richard Eibach
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYCH 291 THE INTUTITUVE SCIENTIST SEPT 17/19 The Ideal Scientist vs. Intuitive Scientist - Should make efforts to reach correct conclusions (not jump to conclusions based on preliminary evidence/intuitions, rush to judgments by relying on heuristics [mental shortcuts]) - Should seek out evidence that could falsify his hypothesis (not seeking just confirmatory evidence) - Should not act in ways that alter the phenomenon being observed (not interact with them to distort the observation) 2 important types of biases - Biasing expectations: finding evidence that is consistent with our prior beliefs - Biasing motivations: finding evidence that is consistent with what we want to believe Confirmation bias: seeking information consistent with our expectations, confirming pre-existing beliefs Biased Skeptism: results consistent with expectations, we accept as true. But contradictory evidence we heavily criticize. Hindsight Bias: makes an outcome seem obvious after that outcome is known Beer with Vinegar experiment: people preferring beer with vinegar when they didn’t know of vi
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