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PSYCHOLOGY 315 - Lecture 1

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Maureen Drysdale

PSYCHOLOGY 315 – ADOLESCENCE LECTURE 1 – SEPTEMBER 11, 2012 WHAT IS ADOLESCENCE? 1. Transition spanning second decade of life  Starts at age 8/ 10 -11 (early adolescence); can’t confuse with teens  Emerging adolescence (9-20)  entire period of adolescence 10-20 (or even 30)  Developmental task o Biological (puberty) o Psychological (developing self-definition, cognitive, emotional) o Social (changes in roles and responsibilities)  Aristotle o Argue that there was something diff with adolescence; reasoning ability only develops during youth  Socrates o There are changes in the way where humans are thinking (adolescence); also recognizing that there are maladaptive behavior  Rousseau o There’s a lot of change taking place, and if you don’t watch these individuals carefully, you will lose them  Age of Adolescence (1890-1920) – age of adolescence finally recognized o Contributions  Child labor laws –started recognizing that children are not supposed to work longer hours  Education – children were prioritized to be educated and can’t go to the work force  G Stanley Hall o Father of Adolescent research – first to coin the term adolescent o Period of storm and stress – there’s a lot of disorder and stress but it’s just normal; universal – everyone undergoes it and biological o Biological view – changes are evolutionary and basically development was derived from heredity, maturation or genetics o Adolescents are moody – a basis from Period of storm of stress – a period of human evolution  Margaret Mead (counters Hall’s view - Maybe more applicable in Western society where we tend to shelter children more) o Sociocultural & sociohistorical view – adolescent is not universal  If they were exposed to adult behaviors and allowed to embrace adult roles, they’ll be able to experience it o Nature Theorist o Let them be transited naturally when they’re ready  Sigmund Freud, Anna Freud o Psychoanalytic View – Storm and dress is inevitable due to unresolved conflicts and sexual drives (has to do between conflicts between your id and super ego and the survival of yo
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