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PSYCH 315 (12)


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Maureen Drysdale

PARENTING – OCTOBER 16, 2012  Parents as managers: o Manage development – how to take care of children to themselves o Participate in the educational process but not heavily involved anymore  Parenting styles o Authoritarian – rules are obeyed, dictated, very restrictive; generally wants complete control (adolescents tend to be unhappy, low self-confidence and more defiant; difficult time making their own decisions) o Authoritative – more willing to listen and involve their children to decision making; firm and caring, allow the adolescents to make a mistake and provide a constructive criticism – nurturing and loving environment (adolescents tend to have more high esteem, more confidents, more success in school, has the good transitions on school levels or moving away to university, accepts independence easier) o Indulgent/ permissive – without guidance but a lot of involvement, avoiding the management category but provides everything to the children that makes them happy; trying to buy their children’s affection; spoiled their children; parents who want to be the best friend (adolescents tend to have high demands, immature, selfish, demanding, impulsive, unmotivated) o Neglectful/ indifferent – not concerned at all; no guidance, no emotional support, no punishment (adolescents had complete freedom from an early age, lack self-control disobedient, easily frustrate, seeking guidance, some sort of involvement- girls more likely to develop crushes on older men and more risk for adolescent pregnancy) Authoritative – high control, high warmth Authoritarian – low warmth, high control Neglectful – No warmth, no control Indulgent - low control, high warmth  PARENTING STYLES AND PROBLEM SOLVING o Adolescents who are better able to cope with issues, warm parenting styles o Authoritarian – disruptive behaviors o Adolescents who are not involved in negotiating – neglectful ????  CONFLICT o No parent – adolescent relationship that doesn’t have conflict o Freedom, boundaries, finances, education, political views (causes) o The conflict is healthy for the most part, only problematic when it comes to extreme cases o NOT USE HARMFUL STATEMENTS TO ADOLESCENTS; be proactive don’t be reactive  AUTONOMY (wings) o Must have Strong foundation/ relationship bet Parents and Adol. o Autonomy must be taught right to adolescents to have a successful raising of a child o Emotional Autoncxomy – developing individualism, accepting independence on dealing problems or issues; tends to be strongest with authoritative parents; neglectful and indifferent might not have this and might cause to anxiety  ATTACHMENT (ROOTS) o Secure – secure foundation  Secure autonomous attachment – able to have a strong foundation and develop a real positive sense of independence; adolescents who are able to function effectively in social situations, encourage high self- esteem and provide feedback with regards to having high self-esteem – seen on authoritative parents o Insecure – avoiding or showing resistance to caregivers  Dismissant avoidant – there’s never a strong bond, Adol. Will reject attachment; seeking independence and don’t care what the parents think  Pre-occupied/ ambivalent – children when young are hypertuned to attachment – nervous and seek out but not letting go; they’ll seek out the parent but they’re angry (results to a lot of fight which might damage the relationship)  Unresolved/ disorganized – the attachment might have been abusive – confuse about the relationship should look like  Changing families o Marital quality and divorce o Single parent families – more and more Adol. Raised with single parents; as long as relationship is secu
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