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Chapter 13.docx

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Richard Eibach

Chapter 13:  Q-sort Technique may be used for self-description, for describing how one would like to be or even to describe a relationship  It is also used to describe the characteristics associated with successful performance in a given task  It has been used to determine how similar or dissimilar person’ descriptions are of themselves as they really view themselves as they would like to be  Semantic differential: is used to study what different stimuli, events or other experiences mean to the individual- that is their personal significance  Three main factors tend to emerge when the results are analyzed: 1) Primary one  evaluative factor (good-bad) 2) Potency: eg. Hard, soft, masculine, etc 3) Activity: eg. Passive, excitable, calm, etc  Nonverbal Communication : When the verbal content was +ve, more frequent eye contact on the part of the interviewer produced more +ve evaluations of the interviewer. In contrast, when the verbal content was – ve, more frequent eye contact produced more –ve evaluation  Psychobiography: intensive study of individual lived (in depth) and over long periods of time  Erik Erikson’s identity concept  McAdams focuses on personal narratives- stories that people tell themselves as they try to make sense of their own lives and experiences  Self-constructions: are in service of trying to answer basic questions about who one is, why one lives, and how one fits into-or needs to change-the existing social order of the adult world  The concept of narrative identity deals with the internal stories that evolve over time to make sense of the diverse, often conflicting aspects of oneself and one’s behavior  Gestalt theory included confrontations and encounters that quickly challenged the person’s self- reported experiences, sometimes interpreting them as superficial and defensive  Group Experiences: Human-relations training group (T-group) & Sensitivity training group  Transcendental Meditation: state of restful alertness from which one is said to emerge with added energy and greater mind-body coordination. It is practices during two daily periods of 20 mins each. The meditator sits comfortably with eyes closed and mentally repeats a mantra  Physical responses to meditation: 1) decreased rate of metabolism (decreased oxygen consumption) 2) increase in alpha waves (slow brain-wave patterns)  Meditation helps is reducing stress, lowers blood pressure, alleviating addictions and increasing energy and power of concentration  Family Therapies: have been influenced extensively by this perspective (person’s experience and the unconscious) and try to
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