PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, Psych

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4 Feb 2013
Psych 101 Lecture 6 Vocabulary List
Please learn the concepts referred to below prior to Lecture 6 to get the most
benefit from the class.
Note that this material is covered in Modules 23, 24, 25 of the text book. You are
welcome to use other sources if you prefer.
1. Associative Learning
a. Classical Conditioning
- learn to associate 2 stimuli and thus to anticipate events
i. Ivan Pavlov
- explored classical conditioning
- dog experiment: conditioned dog to salivate from hearing a
tone (neutral stimulus)
ii. Unconditioned stimulus
- an unlearned stimulus (ie: food)
iii. Unconditioned response
- normal response to unconditioned stimulus (ie: salivation to
food) unlearned
iv. Conditioned stimulus
- a learned stimulus (ie: ringing a tone)
v. Conditioned response
- response to the conditioned stimulus (ie: salivation to a tone)
b. Operant Conditioning
- learn to associate a response (our behaviour) and its consequence
and thus to repeat acts followed by good results and avoid acts
followed by bad results
- punishment tells you what not to do; reinforcement tells you what
to do
i. B.F. Skinner
- designed an operant chamber (skinner box)
- box has bar that animal presses to release a reward of food
or water
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