PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - David Wechsler, English Americans, Lewis Terman

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Tuesday March 5
Intelligence (Finish up)
Lewis Terman and the Dark Ages
- Stanford-Binet Test
- Translates Binet’s intelligence test from French to English “American
- Most widely used intelligence test
- World War I, USA didn’t have an army, how do you rank all these new volunteers and quickly?
Who should be the leader?
- First self-reported questionnaire
- Europe- based leader on class, USA- “classless”
- Terman believes in eugenics, superior, inherited stock -> Caucasian, used to show superiority of
American race -> goes back Galton “nature”
- Non-Caucasians should be allowed to go to university, have children -> forced sterilization (eg.
Saskatchewan)
- Questions were aimed at the middle white class of America
- Administer Intelligence test on Ellis Island as people get off boat
- Start to limit the number of people from Africa and Eastern Europe as they are “less intelligent”
- People without English are writing English test and then sent back on boat
- Remember: Binet wanted nurture to bring children back to appropriate age intelligence, allow
opportunities to find natural intelligence
- Now, Terman wants to nurture intelligent children and throw away retarded children
- People start to voice how the intelligence test is used to discriminate people in schools and
workplace
- Male bias within the test -> need to standardized test with equivalent examples relatable to
population testing
David Wechsler and the Return of Binet
- “reincarnation” of Binet
- Most used intelligence test based on Wechsler
- W-B Wechsler-Belleview scale
- 2 popular widely used tests: WISC (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children) and WAIS (Wechsler
Adults Intelligence Scale)
- Flexible, culturally and environmental definition of intelligence
- Cognitive processes
- Need to adapt to what is socially and culturally valued in the population and then can compare
- Intelligent behaviour is defined by its context
Eg. Age, location -> like funeral home, pub, intelligence in 15 yrs or 15 yrs ago
- 2 components: Person and Environment -> interactionist theory -> intelligence an interaction
between innate capacity and how capacities are nurtured by environment and culture
Like Piaget. Biological maturation with environment
Modern Uses of Intelligence Testing
- Employment settings most commonly used, used early in selection especially with many
applicants
- Eg. Police agencies
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Document Summary

Translates binet"s intelligence test from french to english american . Terman believes in eugenics, superior, inherited stock -> caucasian, used to show superiority of. Non-caucasians should be allowed to go to university, have children -> forced sterilization (eg. saskatchewan) Questions were aimed at the middle white class of america. Administer intelligence test on ellis island as people get off boat. Remember: binet wanted nurture to bring children back to appropriate age intelligence, allow. Start to limit the number of people from africa and eastern europe as they are less intelligent . People without english are writing english test and then sent back on boat opportunities to find natural intelligence. Now, terman wants to nurture intelligent children and throw away retarded children. People start to voice how the intelligence test is used to discriminate people in schools and workplace. Male bias within the test -> need to standardized test with equivalent examples relatable to population testing.

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