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Lecture

PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - David Wechsler, English Americans, Lewis Terman


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH101
Professor
Richard Ennis

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Tuesday March 5
Intelligence (Finish up)
Lewis Terman and the Dark Ages
- Stanford-Binet Test
- Translates Binet’s intelligence test from French to English “American
- Most widely used intelligence test
- World War I, USA didn’t have an army, how do you rank all these new volunteers and quickly?
Who should be the leader?
- First self-reported questionnaire
- Europe- based leader on class, USA- “classless”
- Terman believes in eugenics, superior, inherited stock -> Caucasian, used to show superiority of
American race -> goes back Galton “nature”
- Non-Caucasians should be allowed to go to university, have children -> forced sterilization (eg.
Saskatchewan)
- Questions were aimed at the middle white class of America
- Administer Intelligence test on Ellis Island as people get off boat
- Start to limit the number of people from Africa and Eastern Europe as they are “less intelligent”
- People without English are writing English test and then sent back on boat
- Remember: Binet wanted nurture to bring children back to appropriate age intelligence, allow
opportunities to find natural intelligence
- Now, Terman wants to nurture intelligent children and throw away retarded children
- People start to voice how the intelligence test is used to discriminate people in schools and
workplace
- Male bias within the test -> need to standardized test with equivalent examples relatable to
population testing
David Wechsler and the Return of Binet
- “reincarnation” of Binet
- Most used intelligence test based on Wechsler
- W-B Wechsler-Belleview scale
- 2 popular widely used tests: WISC (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children) and WAIS (Wechsler
Adults Intelligence Scale)
- Flexible, culturally and environmental definition of intelligence
- Cognitive processes
- Need to adapt to what is socially and culturally valued in the population and then can compare
- Intelligent behaviour is defined by its context
Eg. Age, location -> like funeral home, pub, intelligence in 15 yrs or 15 yrs ago
- 2 components: Person and Environment -> interactionist theory -> intelligence an interaction
between innate capacity and how capacities are nurtured by environment and culture
Like Piaget. Biological maturation with environment
Modern Uses of Intelligence Testing
- Employment settings most commonly used, used early in selection especially with many
applicants
- Eg. Police agencies
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