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PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Anxiety Disorder, Observational Learning, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor

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Stephanie Denison

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Psychology 101 March 28 2013: Clinical Psychology
Legal and ethical issues go beyond what we traditionally think
Mental Disorders
What are mental disorders
Intensity of felt misery
Arousal vs. despondency cases of high or low
Irrationality in the person’s thinking
Mental Disorder controversy: hard to decide to figure out if someone actually has the
Symptom (individuals characteristics in term of thoughts behaviours)
o Dimensional, categorical
Syndrome (constellation of symptoms an individual shows)
o Only if the effect is clinically significant detriment, the problem derives from an
internal source, not under voluntary control
Issue with Diagnosis
o Reliability: give same diagnosis
o Validity: the categories are clinically meaningful, are the disorders real
The current state of DSM
o New in may most significant changes in 20 years
Labeling people
o Dangerous and useful
o Labeling theory: because of the stigma, being officially labeled has negative
o Critics say they earn much more from labeling in diagnosis and treatment
Perspective on Mental Disorders
Biological Perspective
o Physical disease analogy
o More/less useful for certain disorders
o Brain abnormalities (alztimers)
o Chemical imbalances
o Birth difficulties (cerebral palsy)
o Heritability (genetics e.g. eating disorders)
Also interaction with environment is a factor
Psychodynamic Perspective: unconscious, unresolved conflicts of the mind
o Sigmund Freud
o Unconscious conflicts and drives
o insight oriented therapy: get client to become self-aware, past experiences and
their influence on the now
o Early childhood trauma
o Large role for therapy
Cognitive Perspective: originate from an interruption in our basic cognitive functioning
o Learned maladaptive thoughts
Behaviour Perspectives: learned maladaptive behaviours
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