Lecture 8 Lecture 8 notes
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Lecture 8: Psychoanalytic Approach [ Freud ]
•Conversion hysteria: people of the wealthy class (mostly women)
would show up at the doctor’s with a form of paralysis.
oNothing was found wrong with them.
oThe women were in hysterics (adult temper
tantrum/attention seeking behaviour). The hysteria was
converted into a neurological problem, causing the paralysis.
oDoctors weren’t terribly sensitive to the condition.
Freud was sought out as he was sensitive to it.
The Interpretation of Dreams (1900): the book wasn’t received well in
the medical field.
•An American was however impressed with the concept. He gets the
book translated into English and sold in the USA. It is an instant hit.
•Freud has started believing that conversion hysteria’s origin is
buried in the subject’s unconscious mind.
oHe tries to devise ways to access the unconscious mind.
Cocaine: removed censorship of every day life. This
concept was dismissed after his friend became
addicted to coke.
Hypnosis: spent 1-3 months experimenting with this.
The Talking Cure: developed by Bruer; allowed his
client to speak to him, uninterrupted. The more they
talked, the more relaxed they became, and in turn
they recalled more events. This became Freud’s
•Added the couch for the patient to lie on, as well
as positioning himself out of their line of sight.
•Freud had a theory that while we are asleep, our dreams are the
theatre of the unconscious mind. The unconscious mind would
speak in code, and if you could decipher the code, you could fully
understand the patient’s mind.
oThree levels of consciousness (the Mental Iceberg):
Conscious: thoughts and perceptions
Preconscious: memories, stored knowledge
Unconscious: fears, violent motives, unacceptable
sexual desires, irrational wishes, immoral urges, selfish
needs, shameful experiences.
oFreud believed that the bulk of our mind is inaccessible to us.
We have repressed it into out unconscious mind as we have
•The ID (Tasmanian devil): pleasure principle; first principle we have
in life. Driven by instincts.
oEros; life force
The force that moved evolution forward
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