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Lecture 9

Lecture 9 Lecture 9 notes

Course Code
Richard Ennis

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Lecture 9: Personality
Personality (personality trait): something that is relatively stable, consistent
across time and situations; individual differences are shown (people will differ
in the extent to which they possess the trait);
oTrait vs. state: example of shyness.
State Shyness Trait Shyness
“garden” variety “personality” variety
80% of population 25% of population
Shy in certain situations only (i.e.:
strangers, authority, opposite sex,
public appearance).
Pervasive shyness:
1. across situations
2. across time
Minimal negative consequences and
possibly positive consequences (i.e.:
may elicit empathic response).
Severe consequences:
enjoying social events/meeting
new people
inhibits communication,
expression, and assertiveness
promotes excessive self
consciousness and self
preoccupation (i.e.: introversion)
prone to low self esteem, stress,
loneliness, and depression
Psychodynamic viewpoint:
oShyness is a result of an unresolved oedipal conflict
“His unfulfilled longing for his mother’s affection and oedipal
strivings led to castration fear, aggravated by the fact that
his father was realistically a threatening figure. With the
stimulation of sexual drive at puberty, John’s wishes assumed
incestuous implications. All sexual interest consequently
became taboo, and shyness ensues, the result of repression.”
“In shyness the traumatic force of the social event begins
with a displacement of a dangerous grandiosity from
elsewhere in the patient’s life where it is active in a
subjectively more benign form. The torment embodied in the
symptom of shyness (the dread of being overlooked, ignored,
rejected) is also displaced onto the social event from
subjectively more benign expressions of derogation and
disdain elsewhere in the patient’s life.”
oResolution of shyness is discovering the initial cause of the
unresolved oedipal conflict.
Get to the unconscious mind to find the issue, and then
through therapy help to fix the conflict. In turn, they should
lose their shyness once the conflict is resolved.
Behaviourist viewpoint:
oNo such thing as a personality trait.
Person x’s environment behaviour (shy) outcomes
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