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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 required reading Module 10

Course Code
Richard Ennis

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Objective 10.1 define adolescence
Transitional period between childhood and adulthood
Objective 10.2 identify the major physical changes during adolescence
Just before puberty - growth spurt
o Girls age 11
o Boys age 13
During puberty - primary sex characteristics and secondary sex characteristics
Menarche - age 12
Spermarche - age 4
Individual onset of puberty varies- depends on the genes and environment
Objective 10.3 describe the changes in reasoning abilities that Piaget called formal operations
With the development of formal operations, adolescents develop the ability to reason abstractly
o Lets them form hypothesis and deduce consequences
Objective 10.4 discuss moral development from the perspectives of moral thinking, moral feeling and
moral action
Moral thinking
o Preconventional morality - self-interested, based on reasoning that will further their position,
gain rewards and avoid punishment
o Conventional morality- law and rule abiding, based on reasoning that laws must be followed
o Postconventional morality- self-defined, based on abstract reasoning about what is ethical,
right and fair
Moral feeling
o The social intuitionist view that moral feelings precede moral thinking and judgements
Moral action
o Focuses on social influences on decisions to do the right right
Objective 10.5 identify Erikson's eight stages of psychological development and their accompanying
Infancy - one year : trust vs mistrust
Toddler (1-2 years) : autonomy vs shame and doubt
Preschoolers (3-5 years) : initiative vs guilt
Elementary school kids (6- puberty) : competence vs inferiority
Teens to 20s : solidifying one's sense of self - one's identity
Twenties to early forties : intimacy vs isolation
Forties to sixties : generativity vs stagnation
Late sixties and up : integrity vs despair
Objective 10.6 explain how the search for identity affects us during adolescence, and discuss how
forming an identity prepares us for intimacy
Western adolescents try out different selves before settling in with one
A smaller number take after their parents' identity or,
Reject their parents' social views and take on the identity of their peers
Objective 10.7 contract parental and peer influences during adolescence
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