Lecture 4 required readings Module 19 + 20

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH101
Professor
Objective 19.1 define hypnosis, and note some similarities between the behaviour of hypnotized
people and that of motivated unhypnotized people
Hypnosis is a state of heightened suggestibility to which people are subject in varying degrees
The strength, stamina, learning, and perceptual abilities of hypnotized people ay be matched by
those of motivated unhypnotized people
Objective 19.2 discuss the characteristics of people who are susceptible to hypnosis and evaluate
claims that hypnosis can influence people's memory will, health and perception of pain
Highly hypnotized people can focus attention totally on task, become imaginatively absorbed
within, and can entertain fanciful possibilities
Does not enhance recall of forgotten memories
Can invoke false memories
Both hypnotized and unhypnotized people can both do the same thing when told to do so by an
authoritative person
Post hypnotic suggestions have helped people harness their own healing powers to reduce
headaches
Contribute to significant pain relief
Objective 19.3 give arguments for and against hypnosis as an altered state of consciousness
Belief that hypnosis produces a dissociation/ a split between normal sensations and conscious
awareness
Hypnotized people may carry out posthypnotic suggestions when no one is watching
Brain scans of hypnotized people told to 'see' things that are not there (such as color)
show activity in the brain areas that usually light up only when we are sensing real stimuli
People hypnotized for pain relief may show activity in brain areas that receive sensory
information but not in areas that normally processes that information
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Document Summary

Objective 19. 1 define hypnosis, and note some similarities between the behaviour of hypnotized people and that of motivated unhypnotized people. Hypnosis is a state of heightened suggestibility to which people are subject in varying degrees. The strength, stamina, learning, and perceptual abilities of hypnotized people ay be matched by those of motivated unhypnotized people. Objective 19. 2 discuss the characteristics of people who are susceptible to hypnosis and evaluate claims that hypnosis can influence people"s memory will, health and perception of pain. Highly hypnotized people can focus attention totally on task, become imaginatively absorbed within, and can entertain fanciful possibilities. Does not enhance recall of forgotten memories. Both hypnotized and unhypnotized people can both do the same thing when told to do so by an authoritative person. Post hypnotic suggestions have helped people harness their own healing powers to reduce headaches. Objective 19. 3 give arguments for and against hypnosis as an altered state of consciousness.