Lecture 1 and Modules 1,2, &3 The course notes and textbook notes that relate to the first lecture.
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Learning Objectives: Lecture
Content of Psychology
1. Describe the basic model of psychology and the three major variables.
(person, behaviour, outcome) P x E
2. Describe the ABC's of psychology.
A- affect (moods etc.)
Perspectives of Psychology
3. Describe the different perspectives and explain their focus on human experience.
Science of Psychology
4. Describe the goals of science.
5. Explain the scientific method of refinement.
6. Describe the criteria of science.
7. Describe and explain correlational and causal relationships among variables.
Behaviours come from what people do, it’s not scientific but rather observed.
Structuralism: an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements
of the human mind.
Functionalism: a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioural processes
function - how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish.
Behaviourism: the view that psychology should be an objective science, that studies behaviour without
reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with the first one but not the
Humanistic Psychology: historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of
healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.
Cognitive Neuroscience: the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including
perception, thinking, memory, and language).
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