PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Edward B. Titchener, Wilhelm Wundt, Hindsight Bias

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16 Oct 2011
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Pshychology
- Scientific study of behaviour and mental processes
- Scientific testing/observing
- Behaviour anything we can observe and record
- Mental Processess internal & subjective experiences
Socrates and Plato
- Mind and body are distinct
- Mind endures after death
- Knowledge is born
Aristotle
- Mind and body are connected
- Knowledge is aquired and stored in memories
DaVinci
- Ventricular hypothesis
o Common sense
Sensations, images, fantasies and imagination
o Cognition
Reasoning, judgement, thoght
o Memory
Rene Decartes
- Fluid in brain, ‘animal spirit’ flows directly to the muscles to produce movement
Franz Jospeh Gall
- Phrenology
o Shape and curvature of skull reveals person mental faculites and character traits
Wilhelm Wundt
- Develops first labrotory
Structuralism
- Edward Bradford Titchener
- Used introspection (looking inward) to serach for the minds structural elements
- Unreliable because its results varies from person to person
Functionalism
- William James
- Focues on how our mental and behaviour process function
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