PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Extraversion And Introversion, Preconscious, Puberty

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16 Oct 2011
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PERSONALITY: SIGMUND FREUD
Lecture Outline
Biography of Freud (1856 - 1939)
The "Layers" of Personality
Routes to the Unconscious
The Id, The Ego, and The Superego
Psychosexual Stages of Personality Development
The Oral Stage
The Anal Stage
The Phallic Stage
The Oedipus Complex and Electra Complex
The Latency Stage
The Genital Stage
Defense Mechanisms
Sublimation and Repression
Is Freud Dead?
Assaults on Freud: Scientific, medical, economic, social, and legal
The Persistence of Freud
In Defense of Freud
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PERSONALITY
Lecture Outline
Definition
Introduction to Shyness
Psychodynamic View of Personality
Personality as Conflict
Shyness as Symptom
Behavioural View of Personality
Personality as Response Tendencies
Shyness as Faulty Learning
Social-Cognitive View of Personality
Personality as Self-Efficacy
Shyness as Low Perceived Self-Efficacy
Humanistic View of Personality
Personality as Growth
Shyness as Social Strategy
Trait View of Personality
Personality as Trait Hierarchy
Shyness as Descriptive
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LECTURE NOTES
1) Psychoanalytic Approach - Freud
Originally wanted to be neurologist
o Set up shot in Vienna
First person to discover the location of testes on an eel
That time in victorian-age Europe: conversion hysteria
o People had seemingly neurological disorder no roots in brain
o Middle-aged women
o Neurologists just called it hysteria
o Treatment was a smack in the head and told to “smarten up”
o Freud took interest
Increased his clientel
Sparked interest for what woas going on in their brains
Became interested in unconscious mind
o Unconscious mind influence in thoughts, actions
Became a psychiatrist
Created a grand theory explaining almost all human behavior
Believed you need to resolve unconscious issues to reduce hysteria
o Needed to figure out how to get to unconscious
o Tries cocains -> not good
A
Insight: if you could get a person to relax and get them to let their mind go, peoples’
barriers fall down, see true feelings
o You could nudge the person along while they talk
Person free associates
Insight: dreams are royal road to unconscious
o Conscious sensors are very relaxd, so unconscious mind can vent in a hidden
manner
Interpreting dreams is very important
Scientific community doesn’t like his book on dream interpretations
o Why? He was jewish and was a very flowery writer
Johnson gets book, translates into Ammerican
o That’s when it really catches on
o Americans go to him for help
o Fame becomes world-wide
A
All goes well until 1938 -> war -> bad place to be
Goes to England -> treated like a super star
Had mouth cancer, dies a month later
o Always had a cigar in his mouth
A
Theory: iceberg model
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