PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Pus

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH101
Professor
Lecture 1: Intro to Psychology
The Basic Model:
Environment (interaction with);
Person --> Behavior --> Outcome
Examples of the effects of our environment on our behavior:
-Heat; no matter how motivated you are, chances are if you are unbearably hot you will lose energy
and in turn be less motivated.
-Other people; it can go more than one way. If there is a crowd watching you rather than no one,
you can either be much more motivated and more willing to work harder, or you can become shy
and less likely to perform.
PxE= Person interacting with the environment
Behavior is a result of PxE. PxE=Behavior, and (PxE=B)=Outcome.
The ABCs of Psychology
A- affect (emotions, feelings, moods)
B- behavior (actions)
C- cognitive (thought processes, reasoning, decision making)
You cannot gain a clear assessment of anything without observing all three components.
Perspectives of Psychology:
Psychodynamic --> the place to look for an understanding of human actions and behaviors
is inside the person (In the unconscious mind). When you look for treatment of
psychological problems, this type of psychologist would be the one you would see.
Behavioral --> opposed to Psychodynamic; believed that Freud and his colleagues were
"stupid" and that there was no validity to their ideas. The primary focus of this area was in
the behavior of the person, as you cannot measure the evidence from the unconscious mind
whereas in behavior you can. i.e.: Pavlov's dog.
Cognitive --> believed that people were relevant in the study of psychology, and a such
focused again on people; more specifically on how they act in their environment or interact
with the world. A cognitive person would look over their thoughts and their reactions, rather
than losing this information as a behavioralist might.
Biological (Neuropsychology, evolution, genetics) --> Linked science to psychology
based on how does the brain work in the sense of becoming the mind. How does the brain
process thoughts, words, etc. Is there a chance that we are wired to behave and think in
certain ways? Is there a chance that our ancestors affect our current thoughts and actions?
Can certain experiences trigger a genetic predisposition to a psychological disorder (i.e.:
schizophrenia)
Socio-cultural --> You cannot understand an individual without understanding their
environment/world. "A group phenomenon". Looks at topics such as the differences in the
study of psychology across the world (i.e.: western world vs eastern world).
Science of Psychology; Yogi, Albert, and Sherlock:
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Document Summary

Examples of the effects of our environment on our behavior: Heat; no matter how motivated you are, chances are if you are unbearably hot you will lose energy and in turn be less motivated. Other people; it can go more than one way. If there is a crowd watching you rather than no one, you can either be much more motivated and more willing to work harder, or you can become shy and less likely to perform. You cannot gain a clear assessment of anything without observing all three components. Psychodynamic --> the place to look for an understanding of human actions and behaviors is inside the person (in the unconscious mind). When you look for treatment of psychological problems, this type of psychologist would be the one you would see. Behavioral --> opposed to psychodynamic; believed that freud and his colleagues were. stupid and that there was no validity to their ideas.

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