Lecture Nine Personality

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH101
Professor
Lecture 9: Personality
Outline:
Definition
oIntro to Shyness
Psychodynamic view of personality
oPersonality as a conflict
oShyness as a symptom
Behavioural View of Personality
oPersonality as Response tendencies
oShyness as faulty learning
Socio-cognitive view of personality
oPersonality as self-efficacy
oShyness as low perceived self-efficacy
Humanistic view of personality
oPersonality as growth
oShyness as social strategy
Trait view of personality
oPersonality as trait hierarchy
oShyness as descriptive
Personality (personality trait): something that is relatively stable, consistent across time
and situations; individual differences are shown (people will differ in the extent to which
they possess the trait);
oTrait vs. state: example of shyness.
State Shyness Trait Shyness
“garden” variety “personality” variety
80% of population 25% of population
Shy in certain situations only (i.e.:
strangers, authority, opposite sex, public
appearance).
Pervasive shyness:
1. across situations
2. across time
Minimal negative consequences and
possibly positive consequences (i.e.: may
elicit empathic response).
Severe consequences:
enjoying social events/meeting new
people
inhibits communication, expression,
and assertiveness
promotes excessive self consciousness
and self preoccupation (i.e.:
introversion)
prone to low self esteem, stress,
loneliness, and depression
Psychodynamic viewpoint:
oShyness is a result of an unresolved oedipal conflict
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