PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 47: Learned Helplessness, Conscientiousness, Canoe.Com

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10 Aug 2016
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Module 47: Contemporary Research on Personality
Traits: characteristic pattern of behaviour or a disposition to feel and act as
assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports
Factor analysis: statistical procedure that has been used to identify clusters of test
items that tap basic components of intelligence
Extraverts seek stimulation because their normal brain arousal is relatively
low
Personality inventories: a questionnaire on which people respond to items
designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviours; used to assess selected
personality traits
Minnesota mutiphasic personality inventory (MMPI): most widely researched
and clinically used of all personality test
Assesses abnormal personality tendencies rather than normal personality
traits
Good way of developing a personality inventory
Empirically derived test: a test developed by testing a pool of items and then
selecting those that discriminate between groups
Personality inventories are scored objectively, so objectively that a computer
can administer and score them
Objectivity does not guarantee validity
The big five personality factors: CANOE
Conscientiousness: organized  disorganized
Agreeableness: trusting  suspicious
Neuroticism (emotional stability vs. instability): calm  anxious
Openness: independent  conforming
Extraversion: sociable  retiring
EVALUATING THE TRAIT PERSPECTIVE
Our behaviour is influenced by the interaction of our inner disposition with
our environment
THE SOCIAL COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE:
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