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Lecture 20

PSYCH211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Kibbutz


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH211
Professor
Mathieu Le Corre
Lecture
20

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Lecture 20:
MAR.27TH.2013
EMOTIONS:
Development of Emotions: Basic Questions
Do we experience all emotions from the beginning of life?
oFocus: Happiness, fear, sadness
(How) do we learn how to “read” other people’s emotions?
Development of personality
oPersonality: differences in how we experience the same situations
oHow does our personality develop?
Happiness, fear, sadness
Are “basic emotions”
Each basic emotion is a little “package” of a physiological reaction, a subjective experience, and overt
behaviour
oFacial expressions: most studied overt behaviour
oEach basic emotion gets its own facial expression
Are experience worldwide
Positive Emotions/Happiness
Social smile appears at 2 or 3 months
oCreates feedback loop of interaction
oEvoked by human face
3-month olds prefer people to “talking fuzz ball”
o7-month directed toward familiar people
Selective smiles delight parents
Encourage care & strengthen bond between parent and infant
Negative Emotions
Newborn’s reactions to hunger, pain, overstimulation are similar
oClaim – distress is initially undifferentiated
Fear
First expression: around 4-months in presence of unfamiliar objects or events
Fear of strangers
oNone during first months
oBegins late during 1st year
oIntensifies until age 2, then wanes
Separation Anxiety
Until about 8-months, babies are okay if left alone
Around end of first year, babies begin to express distress when mother leaves room
Begins to fade around age 1 and ½
Separation Anxiety Across Cultures
Time window for separation anxiety same in
China, USA, Israeli Kibbutz, Kung-San
hunger-gatherers in SW Africa desert
Do we learn how to make facial expressions by imitation? Probably not – blind atheletes
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