Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
UW (20,000)
PSYCH (2,000)
PSYCH211 (200)
Lecture 20

PSYCH211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Kibbutz

Course Code
Mathieu Le Corre

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Lecture 20:
Development of Emotions: Basic Questions
Do we experience all emotions from the beginning of life?
oFocus: Happiness, fear, sadness
(How) do we learn how to “read” other people’s emotions?
Development of personality
oPersonality: differences in how we experience the same situations
oHow does our personality develop?
Happiness, fear, sadness
Are “basic emotions”
Each basic emotion is a little “package” of a physiological reaction, a subjective experience, and overt
oFacial expressions: most studied overt behaviour
oEach basic emotion gets its own facial expression
Are experience worldwide
Positive Emotions/Happiness
Social smile appears at 2 or 3 months
oCreates feedback loop of interaction
oEvoked by human face
3-month olds prefer people to “talking fuzz ball”
o7-month directed toward familiar people
Selective smiles delight parents
Encourage care & strengthen bond between parent and infant
Negative Emotions
Newborn’s reactions to hunger, pain, overstimulation are similar
oClaim – distress is initially undifferentiated
First expression: around 4-months in presence of unfamiliar objects or events
Fear of strangers
oNone during first months
oBegins late during 1st year
oIntensifies until age 2, then wanes
Separation Anxiety
Until about 8-months, babies are okay if left alone
Around end of first year, babies begin to express distress when mother leaves room
Begins to fade around age 1 and ½
Separation Anxiety Across Cultures
Time window for separation anxiety same in
China, USA, Israeli Kibbutz, Kung-San
hunger-gatherers in SW Africa desert
Do we learn how to make facial expressions by imitation? Probably not – blind atheletes
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version