lecture 6 Winter 2012
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HATE: EVIL’S ENGINE
What is hate?
hate is a motive, not an emotion
hate involves goals; the goal of hate is to diminish or destroy the well-being of another
hate is the intent of harm
A. Motive is Thermostatic
when a motive is activated, it will stay switched on until you get your goal and when you get your goal, it will turn off
If you don’t get the goal, it will stay switched on
B. Instrumental or Ultimate Goal
Instrumental – it is the mean to an end (I want them to get hurt because I want justice to be served)
Ultimate Goal – the end itself
C. Emotions as Antecedents
various emotions may trigger hate to harm
HOW DO WE KNOW?
1. The Prototype study
rate what does hate means to you from 1 to 7.
Motive to harm gets 4.84; Strong emotion gets 4.02; weak emotion (i.e. irritation) gets 2. 56
Motive to harm > Strong emotion > weak emotion
Motive to harm captures hate more than strong emotion
Irritation or any other weak emotions are not merely considered hate
2. The thought quote study
How much to each of these quotes captures hate to you?
5.99 – “I want to hurt him. Period.” (HIGH)
2.50 – “I want to stop him from what he’s doing but I don’t want to hurt him (LOW)
3. The template study
Nihilism template – to end something
Redress template – “something has to be done to let them realize that they’re doing wrong.”; means/ instrument to
Filled up hate rating from 1 to 7
Nihilism + mention motive to harm = 6.78 rating
Nihilism + didn’t mention motive to harm = 6.00 rating
Redress + mention motive to harm = 5.27
Redress = didn’t mention motive to harm = 3.34
1. People have trouble spontaneously defining hate
2. But they know it when they see it.
- If you show them the critical ingredient, people would most probably tell that it’s a motive to harm
3. Still, they have to see it to know it (template study)
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