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Lecture 12

PSYCH232 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Social Dominance Orientation, Sensation Seeking, Psychopathy


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH232
Professor
Chris Burris
Lecture
12

Page:
of 3
THE ENGULFMENT MOTIVE
Conceptualization Amoebic Self Theory
o Single cell has 3 basic survival needs: eat, retreat, excrete
o Excretion (psychological excretion, during break up, getting rid of the former life with your partner)
o Eat =“engulfment”
o 3 domains
Bodily domain includes taking in stuff from all aspects of the environment; it’s measurement is
sensation
Social domain having an interpersonal impact on other people or wanting to dominate in other
people; measurement is domination
Spatial- symbolic domain acquiring identity markers (with symbolic meanings or repository of
memories)
“What if the appetite doesn’t shut off?
o Bodily
hedonism/ excess
“I don’t want a nice needle, I want 4 of them.”
Causes problems that result from excess
E.g.: drug addiction
o Social
domination and control
Influence to its extreme the desire to dominate in control of others
”I want to influence you but I don’t want you to gain from me or without letting you influence
me.”
o Spatial symbolic
treating the world as mine
e.g.: you won’t respect other people’s private or public property
How far will people go to justify their “appetites”?
o Scapegoating “you know what? there’s a good reason for why I did what I did.”
One way of justification
MEASUREMENT:
STUDY : THE ENGULFING SELF-SCALE
o Bodily
“Feeling somebody relax while I give them a massage will be a very satisfying experience.”
Sense of sensuality or taking self in from the senses
Sensory input
o Social
“Encircle all the individuals that you’ll be interested in doing this to...” “making somebody
nervous”; “competing”
The more people they circle, the more they feel it
Taking in or making one’s territory in the physical environment
o Spatial-symbolic
No matter how much I have, I always want more. I’m just that kind of person”
“I get irritated when I go into a classroom and someone’s on my seat.”
Taking in or making one’s territory in the physical environment; owning/ marking one’s territory
STUDY 2: CORRELATIONS
Bodily (focus on one’s self)
o sensation Seeking (lite) ; thrill seeking events
People who score high in bodily engulfment measure ( people who are thrill seeking) tend to be
more sensation seeking (lite no hurting of other people)
Social ( focus on one on one interpersonal relationship)
o Machiavellianism ( a scenical manipulative attitude towards other people)
higher social engulfment correlates to higher manipulation; manipulation implies the one way
street
o Psychopathy (“I never cry to funerals”; wild and crazy lifestyle)
social engulfment is related to greater psychopathy
o Social Dominance orientation (some social groups are inherently more deserving than other social groups
are”)
higher social engulfment orientation projected more social dominance orientation
Spatial-symbolic (focus on you and other people/ massive potential impact)
o sensation seeking (sensation seeking in the form if potentially illegal behavior)
focus on disinhibiting; I’m not contended, I’ll do illegal things
o Machiavellianism
Stronger than in Social
o Psychopathy
Stronger than in Social
o Psychological entitlement
I deserve this more than others!”
Higher social- symbolic engulfment is related to psychological entitlement in the higher level
o Social dominance orientation
Stronger than in social
o Economic system justification
There is legitimacy and uneven distributions of wealth; “class differences are good and just!”
“The economically well are more deserving than those who weren’t”
EXPERIMENTS
STUDY 1: CLASS PROJECT
Working in a group for a class project wherein how your group does has a big impact to your mark;
C!: group mark is dependent on group leader’s inside knowledge or cheating abilities; C2: Group mark is not
dependent upon the leader’s abilities
DV: willingness to expose leader
RESULTS: (whether the engulfment measure could predict people’s reaction or DV) FINDINGS EXCLUSIVE TO SPATIAL-
SYMBOLIC ENGULFMENT
o Low spatial symbolic engulfment - doesn’t matter; whether or not the cheated information of the leader
will affect the mark, it didn’t make a difference
o High spatial symbolic engulfment people- if it helps me/ the group I’m not gonna turn you in, but if it don’t
help me/ the group, I’m gonna turn you in”
STUDY 2: WILLINGNESS TO COMMIT PROPERTY OFFENSES
How willing are you to commit vandalism or petty theft?
Higher spatial-symbolic: more willing to engage in vandalism and petty theft
STUDY 3: JUSTIFICATION OF LOOTING BEHAVIOUR
Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina: Looter steal $100 necessities or watch; take Looter’s perspective or not
DV: Willingness to justify looter’s behavior
RESULTS: The higher spatial-symbolic, the more willing they are to justify the looter; the lower the spatial-symbolic,
the less willing they are to justify the looter
STUDY 4: JUSTIFICATION OF SELF-SERVING TICKET ALLOCATION
Competing against an online other
They either win or lose
They’ve got the chance to allocate raffle tickets the more tickets you give, the greater the chance of you getting the
price
Let the Respondents justify their decision include items like: “other competitors issues are not my concern, I’m in
this for me.”
Weather they won or lost, social engulfment predicted the behaviors of the respondents
The more social engulfment, the more ticket they keep for themselves
When people lost, whether you’re low or high spatial-symbolic, they didn’t keep tickets; but if they win, they are
more willing to justify self-serving behavior (“I won and that’s enough reason for me, too bad for you!”)
REAL WORLD APPLICATIONS:
A family as a “United front”
o It’s for my kids”; “This is what my family wants, I’m just doing it for them.”
“Prosperity Theology”
o God wants you to be reach
o Excess spending
Job creators vs. Job killers
o People who try to protect the environment are Job Killers; Job creators wanted to get those resources,
regardless of its consequences
o “Greed for lack of a better world is good.”
o GREED IS NOT GOOD.