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Lecture

PSYCH253 Lecture Notes - Social Comparison Theory


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH253
Professor
Steve Spencer

Page:
of 2
Social Comparison and Emotion
*Schachter - fear and affiliation studies
*social comparison is sought with similar others; shared fate
Social Comparison and Emotion (cont.)
*Schachter - fear and affiliation studies
*social comparison is sought with similar others; shared fate
*Schachter & Singer (1962)
*Study 1 - euphoria
Schacter & Singer - Study 1 Euphoria
Social Comparison and Emotion (cont.)
*Schachter - fear and affiliation studies
*social comparison is sought with similar others; shared fate
*Schachter & Singer (1962)
*Study 1 - euphoria
*Study 2 - anger
Schacter & Singer Study2 - Anger
Social Comparison and Emotion (cont.)
*Schachter - fear and affiliation studies
*social comparison is sought with similar others; shared fate
*Schachter & Singer (1962)
*Study 1 - euphoria
*Study 2 - anger
*Dutton & Aron - Bridge Study
Dutton & Aron - Bridge Study
Social Comparison Theory - Early Roots
*Newcomb (1947) - Bennington study - Reference Groups - negative and positive
*Schachter (1950) - Deviants and Communication
*People communicate with deviants and bring them in line - this works best in
uniform groups
*Festinger (1954) Social Comparison Theory
*Attitudes - we seek comparison with similar others
*Abilities - unidirectional push upwards
Social Comparisons Upward & Downward
*Brickman & Bulman (1977) - pleasure and pain of social comparison - the importance
of the social context
*Upward Comparisons are avoided because they can be threatening
*Downward comparisons can be sought out because they can make one feel
better--although sometimes they make one feel worse
*Wood, Taylor, & Lichtman (1985) - Social comparisons in adjustment to breast cancer
- Most women made some sort of downward comparison
*Lockwood & Kunda (1997) - Inspiration and Social Comparison
Relative Deprivation
*Merton & Kitt (1950) - the importance of reference groups
*Brickman, Coates, Janoff-Bulman
*Whose Happy?
*Lottery Winners
*Paraplegics