PSYCH253 Lecture Notes - Charlize Theron, Normative Social Influence, Pluralistic Ignorance

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
Department
Course
March 18 2013
PSYCH253 Altruism: Helping Others
Prosocial Behaviour
- Helping that benefits another person
- May also benefit self and be done for that reason
Altruism
- Helping in response to another’s need
- Done regardless of benefit to self
Why do people help?
- Social exchange Theory
o Emphasizes rewards for helping
o Evolutionary theory also stresses genetic award (by sacrificing,
someone sharing your gene will be more likely to do the same)
o Rewards
Increase likelihood of return help
Relieve personal distress
Gain social approval from others
o Costs
Put self in physical danger
Consumes time
Requires energy
- Empathy- Altruism Hypothesis
o Based on genuine concern for others’ well- being
o When we feel empathy for another, will help purely for altruistic
reasons, regardless of gain
o We want to relieve their pain by adopting their perspective
Helping: Empathy and Costs
- Ps tod about Carol marchy
o Car accident, behind in school
- IV: #1 : Empathy
o ½ high: take her perspective
o ½ low: be objective
- IV #2 : Cost of not helping
o ½ low: won’t see her in class
o ½ high: will see her in class
- DV: Would you help her catch up with her work?
- Would think that empathy would pay a bigger part
- Low empathy, low cost = help least
- Low empathy, high cost = would be the same as high empathy and low cost/
high cost
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Document Summary

May also benefit self and be done for that reason. Social exchange theory: emphasizes rewards for helping, evolutionary theory also stresses genetic award (by sacrificing, someone sharing your gene will be more likely to do the same, rewards. Gain social approval from others: costs. Empathy- altruism hypothesis: based on genuine concern for others" well- being, when we feel empathy for another, will help purely for altruistic reasons, regardless of gain, we want to relieve their pain by adopting their perspective. Ps tod about carol marchy: car accident, behind in school. Iv: #1 : empathy: high: take her perspective, low: be objective. Iv #2 : cost of not helping: low: won"t see her in class, high: will see her in class. Would think that empathy would pay a bigger part. Low empathy, low cost = help least. Low empathy, high cost = would be the same as high empathy and low cost/ high cost.

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