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Lecture

Self Attitudes Pt. 2


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH257
Professor
Allison Kelly

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LECTURE 19 (FINAL LECTURE)
SELF-ATTITUDES AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
TODAY’S OUTLINE
Transdiagnostic approach to psychopathology
Theory of evolution, threat, & safeness
Self-compassion: what is it, why build it, and what to consider
Research findings on self-compassion
Applications of self-compassion
RECAP OF LAST CLASS
Transdiagnostic approach to psychopathology
Framework for understanding vulnerability and maintaining factors common across disorders
Prevention and treatment approaches likely to help with a range of disorders
A way of looking at similarities across the disorders
o Gilberts theory is a transdiagnostic approach
Gilbert’s theory of evolution, threat, & safeness
Affiliation, care, and warmth as primary evolved threat regulator
Absence or inconsistency of these cues at times of distress early on shame, self-criticism,
under-developed soothing system
Self-protective strategies to manage shame rely on threat and drive systems, not soothing
system
Introduction to Self-Compassion
Definitions
Theory that relating to self compassionately same physiological effects as others being
compassionate
Can be scary means facing and often sharing shame, relying less on old self-protective
strategies, and cultivating new ways of coping with distress
RESEARCH FINDINGS ON SELF-COMPASSION
The Nature of Self-Compassion
Stable, personality trait associated with memories of parental warmth
o BUT also malleable to intervention
o Things that we can do to help people bexome more self compassionate
Correlates positively with
self-esteem and conscientiousness
o BUT not narcissism OR self-criticism
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