Psych 257 - chapter 3 - clinical assessment and diagnosis. Clinical assessment: the systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biological, and social factors in an ind. presenting with a possible psychological disorder. Diagnosis: process of determining whether the particular problem afflicting the ind. meets all the criteria for a psychological disorder. Process of clinical assessment in psychopathology = likened to a funnel. Appearance and behaviour: overt behaviour, attire, posture, expressions. Semi-structured clinical interviews: made up of questions that have been carefully phrased and tested to elicit useful info. in a consistent manner. May also depart from set questions to follow up on specific issues. Disadvantage: robs interview of some of spontaneous quality of two people talking about a problem if applied too rigidly, may inhibit patient from volunteering useful info. not directly relevant to questions being asked. Others set up role play simulations in a clinical setting target behaviours are identified in this assessment.