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Lecture 4

Rec 100: Lecture 4 - Gender and Leisure Complete Notes

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Department
Recreation and Leisure Studies
Course
REC 100
Professor
Diana Parry
Semester
Fall

Description
Fall 2011 Brandon Yee Gender and Leisure Recreation and Leisure Studies 100 September 29, 2011 Understanding Terms  On a macro (large) level of our society, we see that gender is evident in our social institutions, our work structures, and also some of our public policies  On a micro (individual) level we can see the gender nature of our society in our child rearing practices, our daily routines, our TV shows, and sports o Therefore, our leisure practices are also linked to gender Sex: biologically male or female Gender: “cultural connections associated with one’s biological sex” (Henderson, Bialeschki, Shaw, & Freysinger, 1996) How society determines roles and expectations for behaviour (based on your biological assignment of being a male or female Important to Remember… Between group differences Among (or within) group differences based upon age, social class, ethnic, racial and cultural backgrounds Gender Differences in Leisure Behaviour: An Overview Generalities  Not all men and not all women behave the same Children and gender differences  Girls preferred unorganized play (boys like organized play)  Boys like playing with different things (blocks & toys vs. playing house) Many examples of research in this area 1 Fall 2011 Brandon Yee Study of cooperative, cross-sex behavior Gender-linked Differences in Toys, Television Shows, and Computer Games (Cherney & London, 2006) Purpose: To explore changes in children’s leisure preferences according to gender and age Methods: Surveys with 120 kids aged 5-13 years old with follow up interviews  This age, kids will have more freedom to choose what they do in their leisure time Leisure categories: Findings: Overall, boys spent more on leisure time (sports>tv>computer) Leisure composition for girls (tv>sports>computer) As age increased, all kids favoured more masculine themes in leisure, except girls showed a more feminine interest in TV shows  These forms of leisure has implications on how these kids develop  Ex. can influence the career choice of the kids in the future Parenting Magazines “Boys’ Stories: Is all that racing, wrestling, and rough housing just a guy thing?” Hoffman, 2005 “Raising boys, raising girls. What’s the difference?” Douglas, 2009 Example of Research: Gender and Time Researchers: Desaulniers & Theberge “Not interested in a change in work hours” “Interested in an increase in work hours for more pay” “Interested in decrease in hours for less pay” – 30% said this (both men and women) For those interested in a decrease in hours….. “Most important reason why” Females – “other things I have to do”  There are other things I have to do” (take care of children, chores at home) 47.1 women; 22% men Males – “other things I want to do” “There are other things I want to do” (travel, hobbies, sports) 38.8% women; 57.5% men 2 Fall 2011 Brandon Yee Two Main Themes Reproduction: leisure pursuits maintain or recreate gender roles or stereotypes Resistance: leisure pursuits challenge our assumptions about gender roles or stereotypes  Leisure is a context where we can break out of these gender expectations o Shaw, 2001 Leisure and Reproduction of Gender How gender influences leisure choices and activities People make leisure choices within a broad social and cultural context that communicates what types of leisure choices, experiences, and activities are appropriate Leisure, in this sense, reproduces gender roles and expectations Gendered Activity Participation  Some activities in society that we deem more appropriate for men or more appropriate for women  Metheny – sports sociologist o We do have very firmly established thoughts of what we think are appropriate sports/activities for men and women o Depends on physicality of the sport, bodily contact, and the aesthetic merit of the sport o This restricts/affects participation choice (men stick with what they think men do) o Our society is making changes (gender overlap in sports choices):  Danica Patrick – nascar racing  Patrick Chan – figure skating  Women doing body building M
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