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Lecture 6

Rec 100: Lecture 6 - Leisure Across teh Lifespan Complete Notes

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University of Waterloo
Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 100
Diana Parry

Leisure Across the Lifespan Recreation and Leisure Studies 100 Tuesday, October 11, 2011 Leisure and the Life Course Leisure’s role as we go through life’s various stages What do we know about adult leisure participation, in general? A person’s leisure repertoire reaches a peak during early adulthood, and then begins to decline  Repertoire: # of leisure activities, choices, and experiences that are available to us Our desire for familiar leisure forms is greatest in infancy and old age Change and Continuity (in these 3 areas): In Types of Activities In Frequency of Activity Participation In Leisure Motivations  In Text: o Preparation phase o Establishment phase o Maturing phase o Culmination phase Leisure Benefits for Adults Physiological benefits: exercise (cardiovascular benefits, strength benefits) Social benefits: spending time with friends, family, sporting events, dinners, etc. Relaxation benefits: reading, playing musical instruments, painting, etc. Educational benefits: taking a new class, learning a new instrument/skill, etc. Psychological benefits: leisure becomes a huge part of people’s identities Aesthetic benefits: appreciation of beauty in leisure (art, dance, music, etc.) Life Stages Life is a series of connected stages The age we go through the stages varies, but most of us do go through them  We don’t all enter them at the exact same age (but we all follow a similar pattern) IF we follow the traditional pattern of working, marrying, and having a family Slowed progress through stages Why?  People are getting married later  More women in workforce  People are spending more time in school Stages versus Age… Current life stage is better indicator of our leisure lifestyle than is age Early stage = 18-35 Middle adulthood = 35-50 Late adulthood = 50-65 Older = 65 and over The Progression through Early Adulthood Transition into adulthood can be gradual or abrupt  Abrupt: getting married right after high school, etc. Several events during this stage  Finishing high school, finding a mate, etc. Searching for personal identity  Where do I want to go to school, what do I want to major in, etc. “The trying 20s”  b/c people are making a lot of decisions during this time (not all of them are great decisions)  Finding a mate is a priority, although single life is more accepted today  most people want to connect with someone else that they can share their leisure time with Being a couple changes one’s leisure  you have to do what the other person wants to do at least some of the time, etc.  less control over leisure time Canadian marriages Average age at marriage going up Average number of people getting married going down Common-law unions fastest-growing type of family (5.6% in 1981, 15.5% in 2006) “Nothing changes one’s leisure lifestyle more than the arrival of the first child” Roughly 17.5% of population are choosing not to have children  new/large demands on free time, which decreases leisure time Who’s having kids? Canadian trends: 2006 Snapshot: 43% of couples had children (at GSS time) StatsCan: “Are you planning on having a child/children?” 2001 – “No” – Women (30-34): 6%, Men (30-34): 9% 2006 – “No” – Women (30-34): 17%, Men (30-34): 18%  # of people choosing not to have children have almost doubled US trends: % of US women 40-44 years old with no children: 1976 = 10% 2006 = 20% Among those with children, average number of kids: 1976 = 3.1 2006 = 1.5 For the childfree leisure becomes… More coupled focused (more time for spouse) Time, money, and freedom to pursue leisure “Keep up with friends and enjoy your independence” For those with children, leisure becomes… Social activities often become home and neighborhood focused  Less outings like sporting events and bars, and more soccer games, bbq, etc. As children become involved in organized programs….this may become leisure for parents as well Individual and couple activities decline  Less time to focus on yourself and your spouse Can be accompanied by a decline in marital satisfaction  Common time for when people get divorced Some turn to materialism as a means of demonstrating their achievements (work as much as possible to make money)  For a lot of people, working hard and earning money is how we see success Career development also a focus Family and leisure suffer – guilt  When people are spending too much time on work  “finding the balance”  Balance between work, family, and leisure Begin exercise programs  Tap into physiological benefits (don’t want to “let themselves go”) Romanticize about leisure freedom of 20s  With mortgage, etc. it’s hard to find time/money to go somewhere nice on vacation The Progression through Middle Adulthood “Deadline decade”, “mid-life crisis” Crossroads or half-way mark of our lives  Between 40-50 years old  They look back on their life choices and decisions that they made (and if they
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