Class Notes (811,228)
Canada (494,571)
REC 100 (86)
Lecture 11

Rec 100: Lecture 11 - Tourism Complete Notes

9 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Waterloo
Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 100
Diana Parry

Tourism: A Snapshot REC 100 Thursday November 10th 2011 Definition: “the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.” World Tourism Organization  Non-Routine Travel o Depends on the person; if it’s routine for them  Travel  Freedom – a choice you make  Distance  Activities – what you do when you’re on vacation  Duration Tourism Motivations Business • Meetings, Conferences, Conventions, Trade Shows, Incentive Travel (top sales person offered a trip to the Bahamas). Pleasure • Vacation, Shopping, Festivals etc. Visiting Friends or Relatives Tourism is everywhere, but can be difficult to define and comprehend… • Is a restaurant tourism? • Or a museum? • Is Christmas shopping to Toronto routine? • Oktoberfest? • Routine business trips contribute to tourism..? Can lead to both under and over estimates of importance Tourism is everywhere  Is a restaurant tourism? o You don’t know where youo’re customers are coming from so you might not know how much tourism you’re dealing with  International exchange student? o You are pretty much living in their community  Museum o Certain number of tourists coming to them, but don’t know how many are tourists  Christmas shopping to Toronto  Oktoberfest o Defined by person answering question  Routine business trips o Part of a routine, so wouldn’t be counted as tourism  Destinations may either overestimate tourism activity or underestimate Stakeholders • Visitors – Tourists • overnight  Most tourism industries will be most interested in overnight visitors – Same Day visitors • same day! • But also grouped by – Activities, accommodation, vacation type, distance, origin, age etc… • Employees – HR, sales & marketing, event planners, service, guides etc…  Can be a number of things in tourism – 9.2% of workforce (1.6 million) • More than construction, finance and education – Younger – More females – Less educated • But more students (more likely to be in school) – Less unionized – More part time and seasonal – But labour shortages are coming • Businesses – Large and small • Global Corporations to mom and pop shops (99% are SME’s)  99% small to medium enterprises  A few huge ones that control most of the industry o Gets dominated by a few large people – Various industries • Transport, accommodation, food and beverage, entertainment, marketing, convention services…  All these people are actually part of the tourism industry TUI • 3,500 travel agencies • 79 tour operators in 18 countries • Over 120 aircrafts • 37 incoming agencies in 31 countries • 12 hotel brand in 28 countries with • 285 hotels and around 163,000 beds • 10 cruise liners • Residents  Live in the destination, but aren’t directly involved in the tourism industry (ex. in Venice, the people that live that that have to live with all the tourisms around there all the time) – May benefit from infrastructure and improved economy  Ex. tourism industry might build a new entertainment centre to attract tourists; residents can also use these and benefit for these improvements – May suffer from reduced resources and inconvenience  Ex. more and more tourists are tourists are drinking and using a lot of water and the clean water is being taken away from local communities Pamplona – running of the bulls (lets bulls free to chase people through streets)  A local tradition that has been invaded by tourism  With more and more people trying it, there is less room for people and it can result in more injuries o Conflicting forces between residents and tourism business General Stats  Canada is 16 in the list that receive international visitors Who are the top 3?: 1. France 2. U.S. 3. China  China, Turkey, and Malaysia had really big increases (new people close to China; more places to visit; ready for tourists)  It’s a growing industry; more people will be travelling to more places, more often Tourism shift: Old New Fordist Post-Fordist Modern Post-modern Mass Individual Packaged Unpackaged/Flexible S’s (Sun, Sea, Sand, Sex) T’s (Travelling, Trekking) Unreal Real Irresponsible Responsible More ‘Push’ (escape what’s behind me to go anywhere) More ‘Pull’ (want to visit a specific place) Source-Mowforth and Munt 2003, p. 26. Tourism Impacts  Environmental, economic, and social impacts (looking at these 3 areas equally) • In 2008 over $74 billion in tourism revenues – In 2002 was 2.2% of GDP • Equal to agriculture, fishing
More Less

Related notes for REC 100

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.