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Lecture 15

Rec 100: Lecture 15 - Leisure and the Arts Complete Notes

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Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 100
Diana Parry

Leisure and the Arts: Recreation and Leisure Studies (100) The Arts  The definition and meaning of terms like ‘art’ and ‘creativity’ can be debated o Ex. “Voice of Fire”  Who’s to say what ‘art’ is and what is not? o It’s personal, evocative, emotional, and expressive o About individual expression o Art is very subjective (hard to say if you’ve failed or done well)  For the sake of this discussion, ‘the arts’ include all activities that can be considered creative and/or expressive o What it means to make it, what it means to the artist, what it means to the audience Theory: Exploring Shared Human Experiences of Art  Artistic expression is an universal human experience:  Evidence of human art dating back over 35,000 years ago  Artistic expression is a uniquely human experience shared by every culture  Why do humans engage in the arts? What is it about the arts that make them so universal? o You don’t need to know a specific language to understand, interpret, or appreciate art o Used to express emotion o Art for money  Many theories continue to debate the roots of the human artistic experience based upon concepts such as:  Unexpressed emotion and collective consciousness  Self-actualization/fulfillment as part of being fully human  Mastery and attempts to make sense of the world around us  But, no theory seems to be a perfect fit… Art and Leisure  Art-making and leisure experiences share similar characteristics including: o Intrinsic motivation (even those that make art for money, it’s hard to draw a distinct line between doing art from intrinsic motivation and for livelihood) o Freedom of choice o Freedom from consequences (free from consequences if they decide not to do it) o Etc….  Flow and Optimal Experience are very common in artistic pursuits o Many experience flow: skill level meets challenge of endeavour; see focus and clarity of task at hand; see clear demands for action; many report a loss of self-consciousness Art as Leisure: A Canadian Example  The Group of Seven:  Most started out as commercial artists  Worked for their livelihood at first  Found their style during their leisure  Able to engage in free chosen art (intrinsically motivated, no consequences)  This style was not initially well received  Tourism and Art  Banff Fine arts centre  Skill development as well as outdoor appreciation and nationalism  Following tradition of “Rational Recreation”  Geared toward middle-class (meet the needs of inner city people)  Today: Photo safaris, artists retreats, rock and roll fantasy camp etc… o People who go to safaris and take pictures, etc. Contemporary Thoughts: The Rise of the Creative Class  Social change: 1900-1950, 1950-2000 o Less formal society, rise of a whole host of new leisure endeavours, seen a change in daily life activities, seen a change in work patterns  The rise of creativity o “the ability to create new forms” o Social changes are related to the rise of creativity in society  Movement and change in modern life  Creative people are drawn to creative centres o this has created a new class in society called a “creative class”  Class: “a cluster of people who have common interests and tend to think, feel and behave similarly” (p 8)  The Creative Class: “economic function to create new ideas, new technology, and/or creative content” (p. 8)  Scientists, engineers, university professors, architects, poets, people in design, education, arts, music, and entertainment  Drawn to work environments with a lot of flexibility  Need more flexibility and autonomy  Smaller than service or working class, but hold more wealth and have higher income rates  Value individuality, change jobs during careers, do not define themselves based on work  Urban geography and the Creative Class o The 3T’s: Talent, Tolerance and Technology  Want tolerance and diversity  Need all 3 in order to be attracted to a community  Critiques of Florida’s work  Not based upon research on urban economies  Big – and dubious – leaps i
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