Leisure and the Arts: November 22, 2012
What is art?
Art as leisure
Barriers to arts participation
Contemporary thoughts: Technology, access and audience
The Rise of the Creative Class
A leisure research example
What is Art?
The definition and meaning of terms like ‘art’ and ‘creativity’ can be debated
Examples Like: graffiti, mona lisa, muppets, Justin Bieber etc.
• Art as a shared experience
• Appreciate of Beautyssion
• Art is individually defined
Who’s to say what is ‘art’ and what is not?
• Subjective, which is precisely what makes itArtistic
• Personal, Evocative, Emotional, Expressive
• Art is about the Meaning, not just to the person creating it, but the person who is engaging/consuming it
For the sake of this discussion, ‘the arts’ include
• Creative and or Expressive
Art as a Shared Experience
Artistic expression is an universal human experience:
Evidence of human art dating back over 35,000 years ago has been confirmed
Artistic expression is a uniquelyhuman experience shared by every culture
Why do Humans Engage in the Arts? (Rafferty, 2008)
• Universal Language
• Interest and Enjoyment
• Recreate an experience
• Sharing Perception
• Emotional Outlet and Escape
To express emotion
• To explore new/alternative ideas
• Community belonging
• Traditions and cultural Expression
• Self fulfillment
• Theory: to explain phenomenon, why theories exist, why phenomena matters, and what the meanings of
certain phenomenons are. Trying to understand phenomenas.
Many theories continue to debate the roots of the human artistic experience based upon
concepts such as:
Unexpressed emotion and collective consciousness
Self-actualization/fulfillment as part of being fully human
create and express ourselves though art)
Mastery and attempts to make sense of the world around us
• demonstrates skills and abilities
But, no theory seems to be a perfect fit…
• Never being full able to understand it because different types of art means different things to different people, at differ-
We do know is that art seems to be a universal human experience that we
value/share/seek/create (sounds like something else… LEISURE!)
Art as Leisure
Art-making and leisure experiences share similar characteristics including:
• Intrinsic Motivation
• Freedom of choice
• Freedom of consequences
Flow is very common in artistic pursuits: when your skill level matches the challenge of the pursuit.
Characteristics of Flow, and are often represented in an artistic experience.
• Skill challenge balance
• Pursuits done for the sake of them
• Demand forAction
• Loss of self consciousness
• Present and Clarity
• Total Control
If you do not participate in theArts as leisure, why do you think that is?Are the benefits coming from elsewhere?
• One could argue that something they do, that is not considered arts, still gives them the benefits of the arts. like
working out at the gym.
What are some barriers that people face to participating in the arts? (Rafferty, 2008)
• Perception of ability
• Risk of exposure