REC 200.docx

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Department
Recreation and Leisure Studies
Course
REC 200
Professor
Zara Rafferty
Semester
Winter

Description
REC200Play201404031237PMPlayWhereitallbeganRecordsofchildrensplaydatebacktoantiquityAncientChinaPeruandEgyptDrawingsofplayscenestopsdollsrattlespotteryandmetaltoysActingsingingstorytellingartscraftsdancinggamescontests400BCishClassicalattitudetowardchildrencutetobelovedandenjoyednottakenseriouslyPlatodividedchildrensdevelopmentintothreestagesinfancy03neededtobeprotecteddevelopedasenseofsecurityNursery36PlayinggamescreativitytoysgirlsandboysplaytogetherElementary613BoysandgirlsareseparatedStartingformaleducationBoyswereintroducedtomilitaryskillsGirlswereintroducedtomusicandhouseholdskillsththMedievalPeriod515centuryAshiftoccurredchildaslittleadultthTheworkofsome20centuryscholarsopposesthisideaTherejobwastoworknochildplayHoweverhistoricalrecordshowsthattherewasindeedplayforthericherchildrenAristocraticchildrenexperiencedplayininfancyRoughlyhalfthepopulationwouldnotlivetosee18ToysandgamesRattlesdollsmarblesballsdicechessswingsteetertottershoopsEducationReformth18centuryscholarsredefinedplayinthecontextofeducationLessharshdisciplinefunpleasureandexplorationdevelopmentalstagesKindergartengardenforChildrenLearningthroughplayIndustrialrevolutionIRthTurnofthe20centuryRuraldwellersmovetothecityCrowdingcrimepovertydeplorableconditionsChildabusechildlabourextremepovertyStillhappeningtodayEarlyChildSavingMovementResponsetoconditionsduringIRFocusedonrescuingchildworkersorphansandchildrenoftheworkingclassCrimegangshomelessnessabusepovertyworksexualexploitationChildwelfareprogramsChildwelfareprogramsMedicalvolunteerlabourlawscompulsoryeducationandchildspecificorganizationsscoutscampfiregirlsetcChildSavingMovementSomeenduringelementsthatexistsinsubmovementstodayTeachingcivicvalueshonestyworkskillsrespectforpublicpropertyloveofnaturetimeandplaceforrecreationandplayOrganizedcampingmovementchildrensmuseummovementschoolgardensmovementnaturemovementplayandplaygroundmovementTheGreatDepressionStockmarketcrashesin1929resultinginthefinancialruinofmostnorthAmericanfamiliesJobshomeslifesavingsfurniturelivestockfarmsbusinessesalllostChildrenweremalnourisheddiseasedChildrenofallagesexpectedtoworkandcontributeinsomewayChildrenplayedwithmakeshifttoysLessonsfromHistoryIndividualdifferencesinchildrenareuniversalTherearestagesinchildhoodthatshouldberecognizedAdultscanlearnmuchaboutchildrearingandeducationthroughobservationAllthesensesshouldbetrainedWorkandlearningshouldbeplayfulKindnessandeventsmustbeseenfeltandobservedSchoolsshouldbechildcenteredPlayandexerciseareessentialforthehealthanddevelopmentofchildren
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