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Lecture 3

REC100 Lecture 3: rec 100 Boredom and Flow


Department
Recreation and Leisure Studies
Course Code
REC100
Professor
Zara Rafferty
Lecture
3

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
Leisure Boredom:
Connected to a lack of meaningful and involving leisure pursuits
Factors Contributing to Leisure Boredom:
Sense of control
1.
Time
2.
Lack of engaging activities
3.
Type and level of motivation
4.
Lack of challenge
5.
Our satisfaction with an experience determines whether or not we will continue with the
experience
We need to know how people construe, experience, and appraise what they do in time of
leisure and to do so we need to consider three approaches:
Definitional approach
Identifies characteristics that lead people to define an activity, setting or experience
as leisure
a.
Interviews: "describe your most memorable/enjoyable leisure experiences"
b.
Not focused on what someone participated in, but what they enjoyed about it
c.
Results: intense involvement, escape from every day reality
d.
1.
Immediate conscious experience approach
Examines the quality of what people experience during leisure
a.
Go on-site to study leisure experiences
What are some potential issues with gathering data while people are engaging
in leisure?
Behaviour may change when people know they are being observed
i.
b.
2.
Post Hoc satisfaction approach
After-the-fact assessment of an earlier involvement
a.
Conceptualization of leisure satisfaction varies
b.
Difficult because variety of ways people can remember which are not accurate
c.
3.
Flow:
the creative moment when a person is completely involved in an activity for its own sake -
matching participant skills with challenges
What Occurs During Flow?
Intrinsically motivated 1.
Centering of attention 2.
Loss of self-consciousness/ego3.
Autotelic (ex. Activity is an end in itself)4.
Clear demands for action (inner clarity)5.
Sensation of total control6.
Timelessness 7.
Experiencing Flow:
15% of people have never experienced flow
-
15-20% experience flow every day
-
The rest fall somewhere in between
-
Three Other Things to Consider:
Ways to get a sense of what people do in order to be satisfied:
Substitutability 1.
Optimal level of arousal 2.
Leisure styles 3.
Substitutability:
Certain activities may be substituted for other activities while meeting the same
psychological needs and providing essentially the same experience
-
Might be able to substitute between two groups but what purpose is it serving?
-
Activities can be grouped together in clusters and within these, activities can be
substituted without losing value
-
Psychological function than an activity serves will likely vary from person to person
Some people are willing to substitute and some are not
-
Why is someone participating in a particular activity?
-
Optimal Level of Arousal:
Everyone has an OLA and everyone's is different
Introvert/extrovert
-
Can you multitask? How does the environment your in stress you out, etc.?
-
This theory helps to understand why relationships don't work out
If you have a high level of optimal arousal, you substitute activities more often to reach
your ideal level
-
Leisure Styles:
Refers to a combination of activity and meaning
Method of explaining why people do what they do in leisure in order to be satisfied:
Stereotypes model
Presupposes that individuals are monothematic in their leisure, based on
stereotypes
Convenient form of classification based on attaching a label to a group
Not a recommended model
-
Core model
Focuses on the considerable commonality of adult leisure
Ex. 62% listen to radio
-
Balance model
To be satisfied we need a variety of leisure activities that are common to most
people
We seek balance, variety, and stability
Common activities can take on a variety of meanings
Number of relatively low cost, accessible, home-based activities that people do on a
regular basis
-
Readings:
Read: Overwhelmed: Why we need to take back leisure time
Watch: In praise of slowness
Listen: Not enough hours in the day? We all feel a little overwhelmed
LEISURE TIME LEISURE SATISFACTION
Boredom and Flow
Thursday, September 13, 2018
2:27 PM

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Leisure Boredom:
Connected to a lack of meaningful and involving leisure pursuits
Factors Contributing to Leisure Boredom:
Sense of control
1.
Time
2.
Lack of engaging activities
3.
Type and level of motivation
4.
Lack of challenge
5.
Our satisfaction with an experience determines whether or not we will continue with the
experience
We need to know how people construe, experience, and appraise what they do in time of
leisure and to do so we need to consider three approaches:
Definitional approach
Identifies characteristics that lead people to define an activity, setting or experience
as leisure
a.
Interviews: "describe your most memorable/enjoyable leisure experiences"
b.
Not focused on what someone participated in, but what they enjoyed about it
c.
Results: intense involvement, escape from every day reality
d.
1.
Immediate conscious experience approach
Examines the quality of what people experience during leisure
a.
Go on-site to study leisure experiences
What are some potential issues with gathering data while people are engaging
in leisure?
Behaviour may change when people know they are being observed
1)
i.
b.
2.
Post Hoc satisfaction approach
After-the-fact assessment of an earlier involvement
a.
Conceptualization of leisure satisfaction varies
b.
Difficult because variety of ways people can remember which are not accurate
c.
3.
Flow:
the creative moment when a person is completely involved in an activity for its own sake -
matching participant skills with challenges
What Occurs During Flow?
Intrinsically motivated 1.
Centering of attention 2.
Loss of self-consciousness/ego3.
Autotelic (ex. Activity is an end in itself)4.
Clear demands for action (inner clarity)5.
Sensation of total control6.
Timelessness 7.
Experiencing Flow:
15% of people have never experienced flow
-
15-20% experience flow every day
-
The rest fall somewhere in between
-
Three Other Things to Consider:
Ways to get a sense of what people do in order to be satisfied:
Substitutability 1.
Optimal level of arousal 2.
Leisure styles 3.
Substitutability:
Certain activities may be substituted for other activities while meeting the same
psychological needs and providing essentially the same experience
-
Might be able to substitute between two groups but what purpose is it serving?
-
Activities can be grouped together in clusters and within these, activities can be
substituted without losing value
-
Psychological function than an activity serves will likely vary from person to person
Some people are willing to substitute and some are not
-
Why is someone participating in a particular activity?
-
Optimal Level of Arousal:
Everyone has an OLA and everyone's is different
Introvert/extrovert
-
Can you multitask? How does the environment your in stress you out, etc.?
-
This theory helps to understand why relationships don't work out
If you have a high level of optimal arousal, you substitute activities more often to reach
your ideal level
-
Leisure Styles:
Refers to a combination of activity and meaning
Method of explaining why people do what they do in leisure in order to be satisfied:
Stereotypes model
Presupposes that individuals are monothematic in their leisure, based on
stereotypes
Convenient form of classification based on attaching a label to a group
Not a recommended model
-
Core model
Focuses on the considerable commonality of adult leisure
Ex. 62% listen to radio
-
Balance model
To be satisfied we need a variety of leisure activities that are common to most
people
We seek balance, variety, and stability
Common activities can take on a variety of meanings
Number of relatively low cost, accessible, home-based activities that people do on a
regular basis
-
Readings:
Read: Overwhelmed: Why we need to take back leisure time
Watch: In praise of slowness
Listen: Not enough hours in the day? We all feel a little overwhelmed
LEISURE TIME LEISURE SATISFACTION
Boredom and Flow
Thursday, September 13, 2018
2:27 PM
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Leisure Boredom:
Connected to a lack of meaningful and involving leisure pursuits
Factors Contributing to Leisure Boredom:
Sense of control1.
Time2.
Lack of engaging activities 3.
Type and level of motivation 4.
Lack of challenge 5.
Our satisfaction with an experience determines whether or not we will continue with the
experience
We need to know how people construe, experience, and appraise what they do in time of
leisure and to do so we need to consider three approaches:
Definitional approach
Identifies characteristics that lead people to define an activity, setting or experience
as leisure
a.
Interviews: "describe your most memorable/enjoyable leisure experiences" b.
Not focused on what someone participated in, but what they enjoyed about itc.
Results: intense involvement, escape from every day realityd.
1.
Immediate conscious experience approach
Examines the quality of what people experience during leisure a.
Go on-site to study leisure experiences
What are some potential issues with gathering data while people are engaging
in leisure?
Behaviour may change when people know they are being observed 1)
i.
b.
2.
Post Hoc satisfaction approach
After-the-fact assessment of an earlier involvement a.
Conceptualization of leisure satisfaction varies b.
Difficult because variety of ways people can remember which are not accurate
c.
3.
Flow:
the creative moment when a person is completely involved in an activity for its own sake -
matching participant skills with challenges
What Occurs During Flow?
Intrinsically motivated
1.
Centering of attention
2.
Loss of self-consciousness/ego
3.
Autotelic (ex. Activity is an end in itself)
4.
Clear demands for action (inner clarity)
5.
Sensation of total control
6.
Timelessness
7.
Experiencing Flow:
15% of people have never experienced flow
-
15-20% experience flow every day
-
The rest fall somewhere in between
-
Three Other Things to Consider:
Ways to get a sense of what people do in order to be satisfied:
Substitutability
1.
Optimal level of arousal
2.
Leisure styles
3.
Substitutability:
Certain activities may be substituted for other activities while meeting the same
psychological needs and providing essentially the same experience
-
Might be able to substitute between two groups but what purpose is it serving?
-
Activities can be grouped together in clusters and within these, activities can be
substituted without losing value
-
Psychological function than an activity serves will likely vary from person to person
Some people are willing to substitute and some are not
-
Why is someone participating in a particular activity?
-
Optimal Level of Arousal:
Everyone has an OLA and everyone's is different
Introvert/extrovert
-
Can you multitask? How does the environment your in stress you out, etc.?
-
This theory helps to understand why relationships don't work out
If you have a high level of optimal arousal, you substitute activities more often to reach
your ideal level
-
Leisure Styles:
Refers to a combination of activity and meaning
Method of explaining why people do what they do in leisure in order to be satisfied:
Stereotypes model
Presupposes that individuals are monothematic in their leisure, based on
stereotypes
Convenient form of classification based on attaching a label to a group
Not a recommended model
-
Core model
Focuses on the considerable commonality of adult leisure
Ex. 62% listen to radio
-
Balance model
To be satisfied we need a variety of leisure activities that are common to most
people
We seek balance, variety, and stability
Common activities can take on a variety of meanings
Number of relatively low cost, accessible, home-based activities that people do on a
regular basis
-
Readings:
Read: Overwhelmed: Why we need to take back leisure time
Watch: In praise of slowness
Listen: Not enough hours in the day? We all feel a little overwhelmed
LEISURE TIME LEISURE SATISFACTION
Boredom and Flow
Thursday, September 13, 2018 2:27 PM
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version