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Lecture 16

REC101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Externality, Participaction, Health Canada


Department
Recreation and Leisure Studies
Course Code
REC101
Professor
Troy Glover
Lecture
16

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Profile of the Public Leisure Sector in Canada
REC 101
November 12, 2010
Argument for Government Provision
Government is more effective in forwarding certain social purposes
o Externalities -> the impact of the services , public sector is concerned with
externalities , especially negative externalities, so that
There are certain activities of such moral significance they should not be provided by the
market
o Is recreation one of them? No right answer
o It is political , this is what makes it unique than the other sectors
o The choice of what to make a public service -> it might be experience to maintain
Further Arguments
Accessibility
o Making service accessible to those who would otherwise have no access
o Because these services are expensive , the public sector makes it available to all
Externalities
o Costs or benefits are not taken into account by producers or consumers
Information asymmetries
o Reduces inventive for producer to oversupply or the consumer to “under-demand”
o Will provide the service irrespective to the cost because they are focused on the
provision of that service to the public
To Serve the Public Good
The normative standards and policies that guide the political and social life of society
o Normative: the way things ought to be
“the enrichment of life and promotion and the well-being of the entire community”
o Public benefits , benefits to everyone , even if individuals don’t use the services
themselves,
Non-rival in consumption
Is there an objective public good ?
o There is no definition to consuetude the objective of public good ( not straight
forward )
o Debates on what the direction of government ought to be -> inherently political
Social Roles and Expectations
Tax payers expect government to use public funds for the common good
o What the public thinks is important to fund ( e.g arts )
There is a general acceptance that certain services will receive tax subsidies
Many low-cost or free services are expected, demanded, and even required (E.g parks)
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