Class Notes (835,108)
Canada (508,934)
RS 110 (46)
Lecture

Islamic Philosophy Philosophy, Mysticism, Medieval Islam,

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
RS 110
Professor
Peter Frick
Semester
Fall

Description
RS  110  –  101:  Lecture  18   Islamic  Philosophy     Thursday,  November  25,  2010     Ibn  Rushd  (1126-­1198)   -­‐ Known  as  Averroes,  lived  in  Cordoba,  Spain   -­‐ Considered  the  greatest  Muslim  scholar  on  Aristotle     -­‐ Famous  for  critiquing  al -­‐Ghazali’s  work  The  Incoherence  of  the  Philosophers  with  his  own   work  entitled  The  Incoherence  of  Incoherence     -­‐ Criticized  Avicenna  (Ibn  Sina  for  misunderstanding  Aristotle  and  al -­‐Ghazali  for   misunderstanding  philosophy   -­‐ He  believed  in  unity  of  truth  (both  religion  and  philosophy  “double -­‐truth  theory)   -­‐ He  argues  that  there  are  equal  approaches  to  truth   o Religion  is  meant  for  the  masses   o Philosophy  is  meant  for  the  intellectual  elite   -­‐ He  maintains  the  resurrection  of  the  body;  however  his  view  of  the  soul  on  immortality  is  at   best  unclear     Islamic  Mysticism   -­‐ With  the  rapid  sprea d  of  Islam  came  also  the  trap  of  power  and  wealth   -­‐ People  who  want  to  feel,  want  to  become  one  with  God,  and  want  to  approach  God  and  know   existentially  that  God  is  there     Early  Asceticism   -­‐ Initially,  critical  voiced  came  from  people  who  idealized  the  simple  and  ascetic  life     -­‐ They  understood  Jesus  as  a  model  for  such  an  ascetic  piety     -­‐ They  wore  only  a  garment  of  wool  on  there  are  skin,  their  name   sufis     -­‐ Did  this  to  symbolize  poverty     -­‐ The  early  ascetics  were  known  as   zuhad,  “those  who  shun”  the  world  and  its  pleasures   -­‐ They  have  a  deeper  understanding  of  religion  than  “normal”  people   -­‐ Mystical  life  is  to  experience  the  transcendence  of  God  in  immanent  and  real  ways   o Adore  God’s  majesty   o Remembrance  of  God   -­‐ Mystics  praised  God  and  had  a  life  of  poverty   -­‐ Muhammad’s  night  journey  in  Jerusalem  (619)  and  his  ascent  into  heaven  is  seen  as  a   mystical  experience     -­‐ Tariqa:  is  an  inner  path  of  meditation  and  techniques  to  bring  about  the  “remembering  of   God”  that  will  lead  to  detachment  from  things  in  freedom  and  become  a  “passi ng  away”  into   God   -­‐ A  sufi  mystic  is  called  a  traveler  who  goes  from  station  to  station  (psycho -­‐spiritual   conditions…)       Mystical  Ecstasy   -­‐ Five  Stations   1. Turn  to  God  in  repentance
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