Jewish Beliefs Concepts of God, Human Nature, Jewish Festivals, Rabbinic Judaism

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RS#110##001:#Religions#of#the#West#
Jewish'Beliefs:'Concepts'of'God'
Thursday,#September#23,#2010#
#
? Monotheism#(must#be#Transcendent#or#ontologically#unique)#
? Against#Ba’al,#Asherah:#Canaanite#gods#or#earth#fertility#(cults)#
? Elohim#(our#God)##
? YHWH#(Tetragrammaton)#
? Adnoai#(my#Lord)##
? Immanence#
? El#Shaddai#(God#of#Mountains;#Exalted)#
? El#Makom#(God#as#presence)#
? El#Kadosh#(The#Holy#One)#
? El#Rahum#(The#Merciful)##
*Names#of#God##
#
Jewish'Beliefs:'Human'Nature''
#
Core#of#Judaism:##
? The#Good#of#Creation#
? Fallenness#of#Humanity#
? Evil/Good#Inclination#(Yezer#hatov/hara)#
? No#Original#Sin#
? Repentance#(to#confess,#rectify,#not#to#repeat,#pray#for#forgiveness)#
? Salvation#by#Grace#
? Covenant##Community#
? Divine#Judgment##Restoration#of#Israel##Messiah##
#
Jewish#Festivals:##
? Rosh#Hashanah#(New#Year)#10#days#later#
? Yom#Kippur#(day#of#Atonement)#5#days#later##
? Sukkoth#(Feats#of#Booth,#Tabernacles)##it#lasts#seven#days.#Last#day:#Simhat#Torah#
(Rejoicing#in#Torah)##
? Passover/Pesach##50#days#later#
? Shavuoth#(Pentecost)#
? Hanukkah#(Dedication,#Festival#of#Lights#
? Purim#(Day#of#lots)#
? Tish#b’Av#(Ninth#of#the#month#Av)##Three#week#commemoration#of#the#destruction#of#the#
Temple#in#70#CE#y#the#Romans##
#
Rosh#Hashanah:#
?Occurs#on#the#first#and#second#days#of#the#(seventh)#month#of#Tishri.#In#Hebrew,#Rosh#Hashanah#
means,#literally,#“head#of#the#year”##
?The#name#“Rosh#Hashanah”#is#not#used#in#the#Bible;#Jews#believe#that#it#may#go#back#to#Leviticus#
23:24?25#(Say#to#the#people#of#Israel,#In#the#seventh#month,#on#the#first#day#of#the#month#you#shall#
observe#a#day#of#solemn#rest,#a#memorial#proclaimed#with#blast#of#trumpets,#a#holy#convocation.###
?The#Shofar#(a#ram’s#horn)#is#blown#somewhat#like#a#trumpet#as#a#call#to#repentance##
#
Yom#Kippur#
?Yom#Kipper#is#the#most#sacred#holiday#of#the#Jewish#year#and#is#based#Leviticus#23:26#
?Yom#Kipper#atones#only#for#sins#between#man#and#God,#not#for#interpersonal#sins#(these#need#first#
be#reconciled#before#Yom#Kippur)#
?Many#Jews#wear#white#on#the#holiday#as#a#symbol#of#purity#and#a#reminder#that#“our#sins#shall#be#
made#as#white#as#snow”#(Isaiah#1:18)#
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