Parallel Development Zionism, Modern Groupings of Judaism (Conservative, Reform, Orthodox...)

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Religious Studies
Course
RS110
Professor
RS#110##101:#Lecture#7#
Parallel#Development#
Thursday,#September#30,#2010#
#
ZIONISM:#rejection#of#enlightenment#thought#not#set#against#freethinking##
K The#renewed#idea#of#a#Jewish#state#
K Rejection#in#the#Diaspora#(fact#that#Jew#live#scattered)#
K Response#to#Enlightenment##
K Example:#Jews#in#Berlin##
K Looking#at#the#Torah#objectively/critically##
K Acculturated/Assimilated##Adoption#of#new#environment#(easiest#way#to#lose#old#
traditions)##
#
Theodor'Herzel'(1860K1904)#
K Father#of#modern#Zionism#
K Viennese#journalist#
K Family#was#highly#acculturated#
K Witnessed#antiKsemitic#Dreyfus#trial#in#Paris#
K Wrote#The'Jewish'State'in#1896#
K Zionist#ideal#was#nationalistic#and#secular,#not#religious#
K At#one#point#considered#Argentina#as#possible#land#for#Jewish#state##
K Idea#of#Zionism#was#against#political#corruption###
K Secular#and#natural#reasons##protect#Judaism#from#antiKsemitism#
#
Martin'Buber'(1878K1965)#
K Most#important#20th#century#Jewish#philosopher###
K Studied#philosophy#and#psychology#in#Vienna,#Zurich#and#Berlin##
K Influenced#by#grandfather#(Solomon#B.),#Hasidic#
K Professor#in#Frankfurt#until#1933##
K Founded#Jewish#institutions#(Das#judische#Lehrhaus)#in#Frankfurt,#Stuttgart#
K Friend#of#Heerzl,#Rosenzweig,#Leopold#Marx##
K Since#1951#taught#at#Hebrew#University#in#Jerusalem#
K Famous#book:#I'and'Thou'(1923)##relationship,#moments#when#presence#of#God#is#clear.#It#is#
not#neutral,#you#know#for#sure#you#are#encountering#God.#It#is#very#rare;#however,#important#
in#someone’s#life##Brought#it#to#life#in#Jewish#community##
#
Modern#Groupings#of#Judaism#1789K1989##
K Reform#Judaism##
K Conservative#Judaism##
K Orthodox#Judaism##
K Reconstructionist#Judaism##
#
REFORM#JUDAISM##biggest#group#of#Jewish#practicing##
K Positive#view#of#enlightenment#ideas#
K Leopold#Zunz#(1796K1886)#
K Abraham#Greiger#(1810K1874)##Chief#rabbi#of#a#Berlin#synagogue#
o Judaism#needs#reform#(1870)#
o Judaism#needs#academic#respect.#He#thought#of#orthodox#Judaism#as#legalistic#and#
unKaesthetic#
o Judaism#is#prophetic#with#a#worldKmission.#Needs#to#be#more#attractive#
o Greiger#established#Jewish#journal#and#an#Academy#for#the#Scientific#Study#of#
Judaism#in#Berlin##
K Argued#for#assimilated#Jewish#identity#among#different#European#culture#
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Document Summary

Zionism: rejection of enlightenment thought not set against freethinking. The renewed idea of a jewish state. Rejection in the diaspora (fact that jew live scattered) Example: jews in berlin. Looking at the torah objectively/critically. Acculturated/assimilated adoption of new environment (easiest way to lose old traditions) Father of modern zionism. Family was highly acculturated. Witnessed anti- semitic dreyfus trial in paris. Wrote the jewish state in 1896. Zionist ideal was nationalistic and secular, not religious. At one point considered argentina as possible land for jewish state. Idea of zionism was against political corruption. Secular and natural reasons protect judaism from anti- semitism. Most important 20th century jewish philosopher. Studied philosophy and psychology in vienna, zurich and berlin. Influenced by grandfather (solomon b. Professor in frankfurt until 1933. Founded jewish institutions (das judische lehrhaus) in frankfurt, stuttgart. Friend of heerzl, rosenzweig, leopold marx. Since 1951 taught at hebrew university in jerusalem.